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Week 2 Notes

by: Mary Bone

Week 2 Notes Art 104B

Mary Bone

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About this Document

Begins talking about Architecture and Sculpture
Ancient Art, CR # 41908
Jeanette Cooper
Class Notes
Art History
25 ?




Popular in Ancient Art, CR # 41908

Popular in Art

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Bone on Thursday September 29, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art 104B at Humboldt State University taught by Jeanette Cooper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Ancient Art, CR # 41908 in Art at Humboldt State University.


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Date Created: 09/29/16
Week 2  Greek Art—The Orientalizing Period 700­600 BC   Parts of a Pot 1 o 1. Rim o 2. Lip 1 o 3. Handle o 4. Body o 5. Base 6 2 o 6. Neck  Colonial Expansion 3 o Sicily 4 o South Italy o Libya o Egypt o The Black Sea  Pottery in General 5 o The “xxxxxx” Painter o What was pottery used for?  Holds fluids  For serving  For mixing  For storage  Gifts for the dead   Prizes in competition o What can pottery tell us?  Dates  About the economy  Individual/family o Single residential structure  Community o Settlement  Socio­political info  Socio­economic differences  Trade  Craftsmanship  Culture  Behavior  Value system  Method of operation  Artistry  Mythology  Styles and tastes  Pottery and the City of Corinth o Well placed for communication and commerce o Had a geometric tradition in place o Had only partially adopted same of the ideas from Athens  Proto­Corinthian Pottery o Popular shapes  Aryballos  Perfume or oil flask  Olpe  Oinokoe  Kotyle(Skyphos) o Popular motif  Floral and vegetal designs  Animals  Animal hybrid  The “Full” or “Ripe” Corinthian Style (625­550/540 BC) o Incision still important  o Eastern animals and mythological beasts still used  o Beasts now enlarged and less carefully drawn o “Splinter” rosettes replace “Dot” rosettes  less careful o style copied widely in Italy  Proto­Attic o Style originated in Athens o Unlike Corinthian th  Does not use the black­figure technique until the end o the 7  c. BC  Uses fewer animals and hybrids  Uses more human figures  Painted scenes are much larger  Focus on larger vessels  Amphorae   Kraters  Some oinochoai and Skyphos  Interested in filing spaces  No ensizing on The Eleusis amphora 650 BC  Gorgons are female, face­forward, wards off evil  Relief­carved out spaces  Wild­goat style—rows of repetitious goats/animals  Temple Architecture o Influence from Egypt   Stone construction  Use of columns  Archaic Greek Temples o Greek Temples  Columns  First of wood  Later of stone  Walls  At first only the lower courses were  o Upper courses of mud brick  Changed to stone o Rebuilt  Houses and Town Planning o 7  c. colonial towns were planned  “Hippodamian” town plans o streets laid out on a grid o block houses  Sculpture o Media  Bronze  Stone  Terra­cotta o Subjects  Male warrior type  Construction from either period  Athletic male  Protomes  Head or neck of an animal or mythological creature  Applied to the edge of bronze cauldrons and tripods  Sculpting the Human Form o Geometric forms are used at first  Cylindrical thighs  Triangular torso  Pyramidal neck  Triangular face  The Daedalic Style o Egyptian influence o Key characteristics  Frontally  Rigidity  Facial flatness  Earless  Triangular faces  Low brows  Big noses  Big eyes  Flat skulls  Marble—new material for sculpting/building o Begins in 7  c. BC o Best marble: Paros and Naxos o Life size statues of males and females  Males are naked except for a belt  Females are clothed o Predecessors of Archaic statues  Kore(ai)—female   Kouros(oi)—male   Archaic Greece 600­400 BC  The Archaic Dynamic o Continued economic prosperity  In Greece and in the colonies o Increased rivalries within and between city­states  Mostly in Greece o Continued colonial expansion o Increased trade and commerce  In Greece and in the colonies o Increased activity by sea  From Greece, the colonies, and competing culture o Politics o Expansion and cultural connections o Warfare o Philosophy o Architecture o Sculpture  o Vase painting  Architecture and Architectural Sculpture o Revolution in Temple Building  The material of choice is made  Architectural choices include  Styles of columns  Styles of capitals  Size  Number of rooms/areas  Number of columns  Temple Architecture o Certain essential parts  The Cella  Room for the cult statue  Pranaos  Porch at the front of the building  Doric temples also had back chambers  Columns and Capital Styles o Doric order  No valute  Frieze has triglph and metope o Ionic order  Valute  Capital  Doric Order o Popular in Mainland Greece and in the West o Columns   No bases  Fluting  Come to a point where they meet each other o Capitals  Two parts  A bacus  Echinus o The frieze  Triglph  Metope o Entablature   3 parts  highest—cornice  middle—frieze  lowest—architecture o the cornice  a horizontal capstone above the frieze  slanting members to frame the gables at the ends of the building  the pediment  often decorated  Ionic Order o Popular in the Near East and in the Aegean Islands o Columns  Bas a base  More/narrower flutes  Flutes separated by a vertical small flat space o Capitals  Valutes and abacus o Architecture  In three pieces o Frieze  One continuous piece  Sometimes decorated with figures  Sometime with tooth pattern o Ex: Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens  Construction started at the end of the Archaic period  Treasures o Built to house offering of cities o Treasury of the siphnians o Constructed from mining profits o Original version had columns in the front  Replaced later by figures  Treasury of the Siphinians o Pediment sculptures o Akroteria o East pediment o East frieze  o North frieze  Sculpture o Relief sculpture  Architectural   Other o Sculpture in the round  Architectural Relief Sculpture o Ex: Treasury of the Siphinians, east pediment  Temple Metopes from Selinus, Sicily  Herakles and the Kerkopes  Europa and the Bull  Other Relief Sculpture o Grave stele  Ex: grave stele of Aristion  Originally painted o Background red, Armor Blue o Sarcophagi  Ex: Polxena sarcophagus, Turkey c. 520­500 BC o Bronzes  Ex: Krater from Vix  Cire—Perdue method  6  c. Sculpture in­the­round o 2 major types of sculpture in­the­round  standing nude male  standing clothed female o development of the Kouros/Kore  from over­life­size abstraction to naturalistic human proportions  Kouros Development o From belted male to naked male o Male nakedness was a distinguishing marker of Greekness and maleness o Gifts to the gods in sanctuaries or markers for the dead o Symbols of wealth, aristocratic excellence and superiority 


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