Week 6 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 22-29, 2016 Socialization. Nature VS. Nurture. How do we learn behavior? Human behavior is a product of both nature and nurture. Nature Nurture - Hereditary/ biological forces. - Social forces. - Capacity to learn. - Learning and helping realize our biological potentials. o A combination of biology and social institutions make us who we are. Socialization- the process by which individuals… o Internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society. o Learn to function as members of that society. o One learns culture and behavior through: Awareness of “self”. The individual identity of a person as perceived by the same person. Social interactions. Psychological View. o Sigmund Freud. Focused on inherent or biological bases of behavior. Id- the part of the self that demands immediate gratification. Superego- repository of cultural standards (a personal conscious). Ego- sense of self; balances the conflicting needs of the id and the superego. o Charles Cooley. Looking- glass self. The “self” emerges from our ability to assume the point of view that others evaluate us. Generalized Other (Americans) Reference Group (College students) Significant Other (Mom) I/ Me (Self) Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 22-29, 2016 o George Herbert Mead. I (like the id)- a subjective and impulsive aspect of the self, present from birth. Me (like superego)- an objective, social component of the self. Other (like the ego)- someone or something outside oneself. Agents of Socialization. o Specific sites or groups that carry out socialization. o 4 main Agents. Family- primary socialization occurs). What do you learn from your family? Schools. Peer groups. Media. Processes of Socialization. o Socialization is a lifelong process. o Resocialization. A change in values, beliefs, or norms through an intense social process. When socializing agents change. o Total institution. An institution in which one is totally immersed that controls al the basis of day-to-day life.
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