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Week 5 Notes

by: Katie Mayes

Week 5 Notes ARCH 211

Katie Mayes
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

Hey everybody! So I've had so much trouble with uploading this set. For some reason half of the document won't show. If you need this specific set of notes at anytime, just let me know and I'll get...
History of Arch
Dr. Gregor Kalas
Class Notes
Architecture, history
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
1 Architecture History September 21, 2016 Reconstruction of Ancient Tenochtitlan - Aztecs - Templo Mayor or Double “Great Temple” / Mexico City Ancient Mesoamerica Cathedral of Mexico City Built Atop Zocalo of Tenochtitlan - Cultural importance of layering materials to build structures - Really important to think about religious beliefs and tying it into agricultural practices - Idea of connect between cosmic realms o Connect the Heavens to earth o Or connect to “underworld” - Idea that powerful animals can travel through each world Quetzalcoatl Emerging from Jaws of Earth - Composite animal of feathered bird - Great legend o Savoir deity comes out of this beast, and leads to salvation Toltec Temple B - Tula, Mexico - Pyramid-like (not as tall), with steps going up leading to a flatter area - Has columns and square bases - Idea of internal struggle through sculptures o Secreted society o Military-like, strong, impressive figures - Set up called: o Hypostyle Hall  Indicates idea of a meeting place for important people o Culture: Toltec o Atlantids Aztec Double Temple - Location: Tenavuca, Mexico 2 - Greater Mexico City Metropolitan Area - Idea of dedicating to two gods o War god - Engaging more in warfare o The people wanted enemies as a form of offering to the deities o The people wanted to capture the enemies Round Aztec Temple - In city of Calixtlahuaca o Toluca Valley, Mexico o Consolidating authority o From back, one can enter into a rock cut  Creating an area for a secret society  Meeting place for club that took these emblems (Sculptures of animals with importance)  Idea that the Eagle sculpture goes across the sky like the sun does – traversing the different (3) realms  Tradition of considering solar pattern movements Maya Paintings - Bonampak Murals - From region of Chiapas - Mexico – c. 800 glyphs - Very colorful murals - Elaborate headdresses on the people – more animals recognized within art - Unclothed sacrificial victims with pricked fingers Great Pyramid and Ceremonial Ball Court - La Venta, Mexico - Culture: Olmec - Concept of moving up in order to be closer to upper realm Ceremonial Ax in the form of a Were-Jaguar - From La Venta, Mexico - Culture: Olmec - Were-Jaguar 3 o “A person whose features are turning into that of a jaguars” o Goal for the people to become more jaguar-like Colossal Head - La Venta, Mexico - Culture: Olmec - Huge sculptures that line the outdoors - Meant to represent jaguars that can “go into the underworld” and travel through the realms Tikal, Guatemala - Densely inhabited - Highly populated for the time - Seemed to have different areas for people to live – connected by streets - Importance of central square within the area - Temple of the Giant Jaguar o Culture: Maya o Built around the year of 700 o Important way of linking ceremonies of temple with events that happened within the square o Crowning element has some importance leading back to Mayan culture relating to important figure – Personification of the ruler o Idea of mirroring underworld o 9 different stages represented in the 9 levels of the structure Teotihucan - Ceremonial Center of the city Teotihucan o Pyramid of the sun to the left - Pyramid of the Moon Teotihuacan o Stairs leading to the top o Pyramid faces major space 4  Emphasizes importance - Temple of the Feathered Serpent o Teotihuacan, Mexico o Sculptural decoration o Skulls  Representing captives and sacrificial ceremonies American Historical sites - Cahokia Great Mound o Collinsville, Illinois - Serpent Mound o Locust Grove, Ohio o Mound the emphasizes leading to top o Stepping  Creating an earthwork that resembles a pyramid Tenochititlan - Mexico City - Serpent in front of the Great Temple - Third Mesa o Near Polacca, Arizona o Hopi Residences Monastery of San Gabriel - Capilla (Chapel) - Chalula, Mexico - Mission o Monastery of San Gabriel in the center - Commissioning missions throughout - Vaulting interior


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