History notes from friday 9.30.16
History notes from friday 9.30.16 1311-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
The declaration and American freedom The declaration of independence completed the shift from the rights of Englishmen to the rights of mankind as the object of American independence. The pursuit of happiness was unique and became the central element of American freedom. The global declaration of independence Although for most Americans winning international recognition for the independence trumped concern for global human rights, Thomas Jefferson hoped the Declaration would inspire others to claim liberty and self-government. Numerous anticolonial movements- from Flande in 1790 to Vietnam in 1945-have modeled their own declarations of independence on America´s. Securing independence The balance of power. Britain had the advantage of a large, professional army and navy. Patriots had the advantages of fighting on their own soil and a passionate desire for freedom. Blacks in the Revolution George Washington accepted black recruits after Lord Dunmore’s proclamation offered freedom to slaves who fought for the British. 5000 African Americans enlisted in state militias and the continental army and navy. Some slaves gained freedom by serving in place of an owner. The first year of the war The war initially went badly for Washington; many of his troops went home. He managed a successful surprise attack on Trenton and Princeton. Inspired in part by Thomas Paine´s the American Crisis. The battle of Saratoga. The battle of Saratoga in October 1777 gave the patriots victory and boost to morale. The victory convinced the French to aid the Americans in 1778. The war in the south The focus of the war shifted to the south in 1778. Continental Congress was essentially bankrupt. British achieved some victories, but commanders were unable to consolidate their hold on the south. Victory at last American and French troops surrounded General Cornwallis at Yorktown, where he surrendered in October 1781. The treaty of Paris was signed in September 1783 The American delegates was made up of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and John Jay. In addition to independence In America granted land in the frontier to the Mississippi river.
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