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art appreciation

by: Autumn Griffith

art appreciation ARTS 2000

Autumn Griffith

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About this Document

chapters 3 and 4
Art Appreciation
Andrea Trombetta
Class Notes
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by Autumn Griffith on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS 2000 at University of Georgia taught by Andrea Trombetta in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
Chapter 3- Visual Elements Line- an extension of a point, a path of action • Adams/RAILS AND JET TRAILS/1953/photograph • Calder/ TWO ACROBATS/1928/brass wire or sculpture • Pollock/DRAWING/1950/ duco on paper • Smith/GINZER/2000/etching slight line or a line along which two shapes align with each otherIt may be a Shape- the expanse within the outline of a two-dimensional area or within the outer boundaries of a three-dimensional object oGeometric shape- precise and regular (circles and squares) oOrganic shapes- irregular, often curving or rounded • Chagall/I AND THE VILLAGE/1911/oil on canvas Positive shapes/figures - the subject or dominant shapes Negative shapes/figures- background area Figure ground reversal- a phenomenon as our awareness shifts • Escher/SKY AND WATER 1/1938/woodcut Space- the indefinable, general receptacle of all things, the seemingly empty space around us, continuous, infinite, and ever present • Mu Qi/SIX PERSIMMONS/1269/pen and ink on paper Linear perspective: Perspective- parallel lines or edges appear to converge and objects appear smaller as the distance between them and the viewer increase: point of view Horizon- the place where land and sky appear to meet Vanishing point- the point on the horizon line at which lines or edges that are parallel appear to converge • Raphael/THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS/1508/fresco Atmospheric perspectiv- ean aerial perspective is a nonlinear means for giving an illusion of depth, which is created by changing color, value, and detail • Durand/KINDRED SPIRITS/1849/oil on canvas • Shenzhou/POET ON A MOUNTAIN TOP/ 1368-1644 Ming Dynasty/ink and water colors on paper Actual Motion- before the advent of motors, artists created moving sculptures by harnessing the forces of wind and water, like fountains and kites Kinetic art- art that incorporates actual movement as part of the design • Calder/BIG RED/1959/painted sheet metal and steel wire Light Natural light- contains all the color of light that make of the visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum Value or ton- erefers to the relative lightness and darkness of surfaces • Daniel Chester French/ABRAHAM LINCOLN/ 1917-18/plaster Chiaoscuro- shading from light to dark to create an illusion of roundness • Carraci/HEAD OF A YOUTH/1590/charcoal and white chalk on gray paper Light as a medium Artificial light used in combination with visual media and sound has become an interest to contemporary artists. • Sonnier/MOTORDOM/2004/light installation Color- the effect on our eyes of light waves of differing wavelengths or frequencies Hue- a particular wavelength of spectral color to which we give a name Value - relative lightness or darkness from white through grays to black Shade- black added to hue Tint- white added to hue Intensity- also called saturation, refers to the purity of a hue or color The color wheel is a 20 century version of a concept first developed in the 17 century by Sir Isaac Newton. in the eye and mind, to create the appearance of other huest they blend Pointillism or divisionis- a system of painting brushwork of tiny dots of color • Seurat/ DETAIL OF A SUNDAY ON LA GRANDE JATTE/1884-84/oil on canvas Color schemes- color groupings that provide distinct color harmonies Monochromatic- color schemes based on variations in the value and intensity of a single hue Analogous- color schemes based on colors adjacent to one another on the color wheel Complimentary- emphasize two hues directly opposite each other on the color wheel (red and green) • Whistler/ NOCTURNE:BLEUE AND GOLD- OLD BATTERSEA BRIDGE/1872-75/ Texture- refers to the tactile qualities of surfaces or to the visual representation of those qualities Actual textures- can be felt by touching (marble, sand, wood, etc.) • Oppenheim/OBJECT/1936/fur covered cup Simulated texture- those created to look like something other than pain on a flat surface • Van Gogh/STARRY NIGHT/1889/oil on canvas Chapter 4-Principles of Design Unity- the appearance of condition Variety- provides diversity and acts to counter unity • Lawrence/GOING HOME/1946/gouche Balance- symmetrical balance is the near or exact matching of left to right sides of a three-dimensional form or two dimensional composition • Hoban/A DESIGN FOR THE PRESIDENTS HOUSE/ 1972/drawing • Hirst/POSTERITY-THE HOLY PLACE/2006/ butterflies and gloss on canvas Emphasis- used to draw our attention to an area that is a specific spot called a focal point Subordination- an artist creates neutral ideas of lesser interest that keep us from being distracted from area of emphasis • Poussin/THE HOLY FAMILY ON THE STEPS/1648/ oil on canvas Asymmetrical Balance- left and right sides are not the same • Degas/JOCKEYS BEFORE THE RACE/1878/oil essence, gauche, pastel Directional forces- paths for the eye to follow provided by actual or implied lines • Goya/BULL FIGHT/plate 20- printmaking Contrast- the juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements- for example, dark set against light, large against small, bright colors against dull • Artist Unknown/LUSTER-PAINTED BOWL/ Spain 1400/earthenware painted in cobalt blue and luster Repetition- gives a composition unity, continuity, flow, and emphasis • Raphael/MADONNA OF THE CHAIR/1514/oil on wood Rhythm- created through regular recurrence of elements with related variations and refers to any subordinate elements in sequence • Orozco/ZAPATISTAS/1931/oil on canvas • Oldenburg and Van Bruggen/SHUTTLE COCKS/ 1994/mixed media Scale- size relation of one thing to another Proportion- size relationships of parts to a whole Hierarchial scale- use of unnatural proportions to show the relative importance of figures • Michelangelo/PIETA/1501/ Marble • Artist unknown/ROETTGEN PIETA/1300-25/ painted wood • Matisse/ PHOTOS OF 3 STATES OF LARGE RECLINING NUDE /1935 • Matisse/LARGE RECLINING NUDE/1935/oil on canvas


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