AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 5 notes
AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 5 notes Amh2097
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Webb on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Amh2097 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Mundson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Race/ethnicity in us in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
AMH 2097 Notes Exam 1 terms Mary Wollstonecraft: women’s advocate for women’s rights. In which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason. Richard Allen: was a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In 1794 he founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. He opened his first AME church in 1794 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Elected the first bishop of the AME Church in 1816, Allen focused on organizing a denomination where free blacks could worship without racial oppression and where slaves could find a measure of dignity. He worked to upgrade the social status of the black community, organizing Sabbath schools to teach literacy and promoting national organizations to develop political strategies. Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World: David Walker (September 28, 1796 – August 6, 1830) [N 1] was an outspoken AfricanAmerican abolitionist and antislavery activist. His mother was free and his father was a slave. Therefore, he was free. In 1829, while living in Boston, Massachusetts, he published An Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, a call for black unity and selfhelp in the fight against oppression and injustice. Manifest Destiny: westward expansion to the west of the states. The expansion was seen as the inabilities of the anglosaxon race Free Soil: being against the westward expansion. Wanted to see free land for people that went west. Potato Famine: 18451851. New wave of immigration from Ireland to united states. They were Irish and catholic and they changed Irish and American society when they immigrated. Their mass immigration sparked a new form of temperance, moral reform, education in schools. The people of Ireland experience blight of potato, so the Irish lost their standard source of food. Other food grown such as corn, wheat, was sold to England. The wave of migration included older people and children. The poor people could not afford passage so they did not migrate. These people traveled to either New York or Boston usually because it was the cheapest port. Famine came in Ireland because when a landowner died, their sons spilt all their land and that means the land got smaller and smaller so they changed the law that one son could inherit the land. “Bridgets:” these were Irish women who were seen as clumsy, unattractive, man crazy, unintelligent. They would be the people who clean, cook, take care of children. They took on many different roles. Gottfried Duden: attorney from Germany who wrote for German audiences about his experiences in Missouri. Hugely influential and convinced tons of people to come to America. Economic opportunities from Germans to America. Sent prison inmates to united states from Germany. Germans wanted Missouri to be brought in as a German state. Brought in Spanish immigrants and lots of Jewish people th Reform Judaism: movement started in Germany but brought to the united states. In the 18 and 19 century. Jewish people were segregated from living communities. They became more integrated in western society. They help their services in the main language they spoke and included organ music. Reform Jews also encouraged Jewish people to wear westernized clothing. Did not follow dietary restrictions and sat as families instead of separated by sex. “Fortyeighters”: people who generally rejected the role of religion. They were involved in 1848 revolution. They had a huge impact on the culture of U.S. they were trying to lessen the religion and wanted Germans to unite in u.s. most Germans were catholic. Nativism: political perspective that privileges native born people deserve the governments attention over the immigrants. This fed on protestant issues with catholic. KnowNothing Party: developed out of a secret society. Explicitly anti catholic and antiIrish party in 1850’s. they elected governs. In 1856 ran a candidate for present. Speaking to the fears that they will be taken over by immigrants and Catholics. They attacked Irish immigrants as being drunk, lazy, and violent. Said that they were not temperament (meaning they were drinkers), not intelligent. Blamed immigrants for taking low paying jobs and taking over jobs that native people could have had. Wanted to band immigrants from holding government jobs like firefighters. Chicago Beer Riots: in 1856. Know nothing party was in charge for a year then got voted out. Slate of know nothing party won local elections in Chicago, low turnout, nativist city officials made changes, raised fee for liquor licenses, tripled police force, no catholic or immigrants could be police, taverns must be closed on Sunday, Irish and German immigrants organized to change the law, tavern owners got arrested for refusing to pay taxes, groups of immigrants organized to raid the prison and riot broke out, next election was a better turn out. Ancient Order of Hibernians: organization that existed to 8 Irish immigrants in the u.s but groups like this were all over the country. Helped people find jobs, political (helped people vote), nationalist group (supported independence of Ireland from England, provided sick benefits who couldn’t work) Give payouts to family for men that died. Provided escorts to factory workers who died on the job. All of them had to attend each other’s funerals. Immigrants turned to their ethnic group. Immigrants had to form their own organization. Opium: 1848 china people were addicted to this drug(opium) from India to ease the pain of their work and out of boredom. Was a major problem and qing tried to stop this trade British wants to trade with china but china said no they were allowed to trade only with one called canton and British attacked all of their small ports and was giving opium to cause chaos. Violence broke out in 1850. The Gold Rush: 1848. found in California. Men from china came and took part in this and had the strongest reaction. The Qing dynasty pushed their people away and the u.s looked more appealing California: immigrants from china arrived in san fran by 1851 in thousands, the city population blew up. The people who made the most money were the ones who supplied miners, Levi Strauss starting making pants then there. Majority of population was male between ages of 1544. Because of this, brothels flourished. Women could make $100 in one night, the price of the house in the east. About one murder per day, public hanging targeted foreigners. Joaquin Murrietta: terrified Chinese minors in Europe. They target Chinese mining camps and order his gang to tie the minors by the Q (black braid) and would torture them until someone told them where they kept their gold. The minors were then all killed. There was a $100 reward to find this man. People v. Hall: court case in 1853 in California endited a man for killed a Chinese man. George hall was accused of murder and was supposed to be hung but his lawyers found the law that nonwhite people were not allowed to testify in court against white people so he was not punished for murdering Chinese people. This had the biggest impact on Chinese rights. Transcontinental Railroad: saw Chinese people has a source of labor. This relates to the economic expanision in the united states in 1820’s. in 1850 there were no reliable land routes from the east to the west. Mail and newspapers took months to get to the west from the east. They wanted to make it easier for whites to settle in the west so they said there was fertile land
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