New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 6 (Sept. 26-30) Class Notes

by: Kelsey Morin

Week 6 (Sept. 26-30) Class Notes PSYC 405

Marketplace > University of North Dakota > Psychology > PSYC 405 > Week 6 Sept 26 30 Class Notes
Kelsey Morin

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Week 6 Notes (Sept. 26-30) * Edward Bradford Titchener * Titchener's structuralism/introspection * Functionalism - Evolution - Darwin
History and Systems of Psychology
Dr. Alison Kelly
Class Notes
psschology, history, titchener, Functionalism, evolution, darwin
25 ?




Popular in History and Systems of Psychology

Popular in Psychology

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Morin on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 405 at University of North Dakota taught by Dr. Alison Kelly in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see History and Systems of Psychology in Psychology at University of North Dakota.


Reviews for Week 6 (Sept. 26-30) Class Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/30/16
Week 6 9.26.16 (Monday) Edward Bradford Titchner (1867-1927)  PhD from University of Leipzig in 1892  Poffessor at Cornell University - Brain preserved and still on display  Translated Wundt’s books from German to English  A man could not hope to becomea psychologist until after he’d learned to smoke  Ceased coming to campus after 1917 ban on smoking.  Outrageous forms of Introspection - Provided data for developing school of thought  Swallow rubber tube to study sensisitivity of internal organs.  Record feelings and sensations during urination/defication and during intercourse. - Psychology laboratory “immoral and unsafe”. Titchener’s Experimentalists  Regular meetings with psychologist from other universities.  No women allowed “women are too pure to smoke”. - The code of the Englist Gentleman (ingrained, rigid).  Christine Ladd-Franklin protested rule for years, unsuccessfully.  Despite exclusion, advocated for women’s advancement.  Accepted women as students; favored hiring of women. - 1/3 of earned doctorates - Margaret Floy Wasburn (1894) - Many early significant women in field worked with Tichener 9.28.16 (Wednesday) Titchener’s Structuralism Structuralism  Discover the structure of phenomena rather than functions. Titchener vs. Wundt  Analyzing consciousness into its component parts vs. determining the organization of consciousness.  Wundt looked at whole picture - Titchener looked at parts individually  Conscious experience that depends on the person who is actually experiencing it. Ex: light, sound, or temperature Studied by: Physicist vs Psychologist -Physical processes of phenomena vs. how phenomena are experienced. - Independent vs. dependent on experiencing individual. Stimulus Error  Confusing the mental process under study with the stimulus or object being observed.  Fail to distinguish what we’re learned in the past from our immediate experience.  Titchener opposed any area that didn’t fit with his structuralism (discover the structure of the mind). Titchener’s Introspection  Rigorously trained observers described elements of conscious experiences (qualitative, subjective, reports of mental activities).  Necessary to avoid stimulus error.  Introspectors were to be “impartial, detached, habitual machines”. Discovering the Elements of Consciousness  Sensations: Elements reflected by physical objects.  Images: Elements reflected by experiences not immediately present.  Affective States: Elements found in affective (emotional) experiences. Elements of Sensation (Outline of Psychology, 1896)  44,500 individually sensation qualities (32,800+ visual and 11,600+ auditory). Criticisms of Structuralism  Introspection - Different observations for the same stimulus or experience. - Self-report experiences couldn’t be trusted.  Experiences come to us as a unified whole  Structuralism was too narrow to embrace new work in psychology. Ex: people see a whole tree, not individual pieces of the tree (leaves, trunk, bark) Titchener’s Legacy  Supported women as scientists.  Helped Cornell become a leading producer of PhD degrees.  Research methodology based on measurement, experimentation, and observation.  Provided opposition needed to fuel newer schools of thought.  9.30.16 (Friday) Functionalism: Antecedent Influences (Ch. 16) The functionalist protest  Functionalism - How the mind functions and how it’s used to help organisms adapt to the environment.  Protest against Wundt’s and Titchener’s systems  What do mental processes accomplish? - Spurred interest in potential applications of psychology to everyday problems. The Evolution Revolution  Zeitgeist: “Change was the order of the day”; evolution rendered respectable and necessary.  Scientific and intellectual change - Accumulation of fossils – Nature resulted from change.  Unceasing change in everyday life (Industrial Revolution).  Examples of animals similar to human beings  Ideas about human nature shifted from the Bible to science. Darwin’s Life (1809- 1882)  1831-1836: Voyage on HMS Beagle - Captain almost rejected Darwin - Trip was to prove biblical theory of creation. - Darwin was almost rejected due to the shape of his nose – Ironic that Darwin eventually worked on a theory opposite of biblical theory of creation. Jenny the Orangutan (1838)  Darwin’s visit to London zoo  Exhibited fascinating, child-like behavior.  “…more humble, and I believe to be true, to consider [man] created from animals.”  1839: Returned to England to begin developing theory of evolution.  Neurotically-driven physical ailments were a “creative maladay.”  Waited 22 years to present ideas to public  1858: letter to from Alfred Wallace outlining similar work.  Published on “The Origin of Species” months later; complimentary reception from Wallace. On “The Origin of Species”  Natural selection: survival of those best suited for their environment. - Failing to adapt = failing to survive.  Those that survive transmit skills and advantages on offspring.  1871: “The Descent of Man” - Similarly, between animal/human mental processes. Darwin’s influence on psychology  Opened the door for research on mental functioning of animals.  Change in psychology’s subject matter and goal (functions of consciousness).  Inspired psychologists to use more diverse research methods.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.