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PY 201 Lecture 1

by: Lora Stewart

PY 201 Lecture 1 PY 201

Lora Stewart

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Science, Dualism, Hebb, nature vs. nurture, genes
Honors Introduction to Psychology
Dr. Boggiano
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lora Stewart on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 201 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Dr. Boggiano in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

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Date Created: 09/30/16
Intro to Psych- Chapter 1 (August 30, 2016) Psychology- the science of behavior  Scientific methods > understand human behavior  Idea > hypothesis > test > holds up > share knowledge  Freud- neurologist, generalized abnormal behavior to explain normal behavior, many of his theories not testable  Peer reviews are widely used  Only talk about topics with scientific data (ex. No UFOs, psychics) Clever Hans- skepticism: questioning, motivates experimentation  1900s retired school teacher believed horses could complete math problems (Clever Hans = horse)  Audience member questioned this act  If Hans was alone, he couldn’t do the math problem, & if school teacher couldn’t answer, neither could the horse  Horse got cues, horses very sensitive  People were convinced that horses were that smart because they weren’t skeptical Overt vs. Covert  Overt: readily perceived by senses, see it, hear it, touch it  Covert: hidden behaviors, includes an individual’s individual sensations, memories, thoughts, dreams, motives, emotions  Once covert behaviors are expressed they become overt  Father of psych- John Watson  Officer story  Just because we can’t observe, doesn’t mean we can’t measure it Dualism- Renee Descartes (1600s) “I think therefore I am”  Genius, proposed sensory reflex explanation for actions ~ behaviors are reflexes to sensory stimuli  Ex. Person touches fire > sensory stimuli > nerves > brain > action  How all behavior works except for the mind  Mind is separate from body, now has been disproved Donald Hebb (1900s)  Brought mind together with body by way of the brain  All actions are caused by messages formed in neurons  “Neurons that fire together, wire together” Nature vs. Nurture  Nature: born with, genes  Nurture: how you’re brought up, environment  Most behavior is a mixture of both, more nature than nurture  2 convicts/ mom’s interview > “born bad”, “bullied”, “foster home”, “neglect”  Behavior is an interaction between genes, brain development, & environment, starts in womb Measuring Behavior (Research Methods)  Tests/surveys- must represent what they’re measuring: construct validity, ex. 4 tests in class  Case studies- have a population of 1 or 2, unusual behaviors  Naturalistic observation- put yourself in their environment, not easily replicated, ex. Jane Goodall  Experiments- most rigorous, results generalize, controlling, find a cause Schizophrenia & spider study  Spiders saturated in blood of healthy patients vs. blood of schizophrenics  Provided basis of first biochemical abnormality of schizophrenia  Theory has held up  Not everything can be treated with a drug  Diabetics peeing on the beach & ants


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