Developmental Psyc. Chapter 4
Developmental Psyc. Chapter 4 psyc2040
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc2040 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Wissman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Chapter 4 Body growth: 50% by age 1, 75% by age 2 Weight doubles by 5 months, triples by age 1 Group differences between male/female, and ethnicity Skeletal age is an estimate of physical maturity (x-ray’s used to see skeleton) Experience expectant growth – ordinary experiences (touch, sight, taste, etc.) Experience dependent – comes naturally (caregiving) Sleep-wake pattern (day/night) established in first year By age 2, 18 hours 12 hours Effected by social environment and cultural values Influences on early growth: Heredity, nutrition (breastfeeding vs bottle), overfeeding, malnutrition Benefits of Breastfeeding: balance of fat and protein, protects against disease, nutritional completeness, healthy physical growth Imitation = primitive ability, caused by mirror neurons, powerful means of learning Gross motor development = crawl stand walk Fine motor development = reaching grasping Milestones of Reaching/Grasping: pre-reaching, ulnar grasp, hand to hand, pincer grasp Cultural variations = early movement opportunities, environmental stimulation, child-rearing practicing