Interpersonal Relations Chapter 3 Notes
Interpersonal Relations Chapter 3 Notes psych2042
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psych2042 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Rogers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Relations in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Chapter 3 – Personality and Comfort Zones Attention (Positive vs. negative) No attention at all Personality= behaviors that define who a person is and how they react in different situations (set of characteristics) *Presentation, how you think, behave, and feel, consistent traits Temperament in newborns precursor to personality 1) Easy 2) Slow-to-warm 3) Difficult Personality Theories: Trait theory (consistent, broad dispositions) – openness, extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, agreeableness Biological theory (traits that led to reproductive success of ancestors) twin studies Psychodynamic theory (unconscious mind is responsible for personality) id, ego, superego Defense mechanisms = rationalization, projection, displacement, repression, reaction formation, regression Social-Cognitive theory personality is formed by observing the acts of others, observing effects of actions, making decisions of how the world works - Bandurat Humanistic theory emphasizes the inherent goodness in people – Maslow, Rogers 1) Innate drive for growth 2) Growth despite environmental influences 3) We are conscious beings driven by unconscious motivation Comfort Zones Range of comfortable behaviors that holds people back People often limit their options out of fear Fear of Success = Sabotage their efforts b/c they can’t handle success Fear of Failure = Limit themselves because they fear they wont succeed o Purposes: gain awareness, influences behavior?, risk-taking strategies Playing the Victim Perpetual “poor me” attitude Elephant-in-the-bottle syndrome = all negative events get crammed into an area to sonstitute being a real victim True Victimization = no control over situation People who play the victim = leaf-in-wind theory, don’t take responsibility for actions, etc. Myers-Briggs: 1) Extraversion (outer world) vs. Introversion (internal states) Source of energy 2) Sensing (tactical, Realistic/Practical) vs. Intuition (abstract, Big picture) take-in information 3) Thinking (objective truth) vs. Feeling (values) making decisions 4) Judgment (orderly life) vs. Perception (flexible lives) lifestyle and organization)
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