Week 4 notes
Popular in The Modern American Presidency
Popular in History
HST 111 - M001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Notetaker on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 341 at Syracuse University taught by Margaret Thompson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see The Modern American Presidency in History at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
The Modern American Presidency Week 4 Notes John F. Kennedy & Lyndon B. Johnson: The 1960’s Post Assassination- ● JFK was shown to have high ratings of his presidency after his death, he was compared with Washington, FDR & Lincoln. ● ⅔ of Americans claim they voted for JFK ○ However, JFK only beat Nixon by a few 100,000 votes, very narrow victory ○ Why do citizens claim they voted for JFK when some did not. ● Jackie Kennedy had a major role on creating her husband’s legacy ○ Used the idea of JFK as a King Arthur like figure from ‘his favorite play’ “Camelot. ○ If this is true or not…. No one really knows… Lyndon B. Johnson’s first impressions: ● LBJ presidential approval rating high after JFK assassination ● LBJ used Kennedy assassination to push civil rights bill/ reform ○ Claimed Kennedy wanted it, when he never in fact mentioned civil rights ■ Brother of JFK was a big advocate though and began drafting a bill in 1963, later became part of Johnson’s administration ○ March on Washington’s original purpose was to protest Kennedy administration’s lack of aid in civil rights ○ Asked Congress to pass the bill on November 27, 1963, would not pass till 1964. ■ Voting rights passed in 1965 ■ “We shall overcome” ● One of Johnson’s first meetings was with Henry Cabot Lodge about the situation in Vietnam ● These two issues would define and control the LBJ presidency LBJ & FDR: ● Johnson wanted to make his own presidency, but also have FDR influence as well ● LBJ considered FDR like a second father to him ● LBJ during his youth in politics was considered a ‘New Deal’ poster boy ● The Great Society had many New Deal like attributes LBJ Presidency: ● Summer 1964- At Newhouse, SU, Johnson announces the Vietnamese attack on US forces, war had started. ● Tonkin Gulf Resolution- Joint resolution- August 1964 ○ Congress approves that Johnson may take actions necessary to bring peace back to Southern Vietnam (& stop communist spread) ○ Blank check? No real goal outlined, much like 9/11 ○ Prior to war powers resolution ● 1964- LBJ has a landslide victory in election ● LBJ seen as the shadow/heir to FDR Difference between FDR & LBJ: ● FDR ○ Sought out goals separately and one at a time ■ New Deal programs from 1933-1941 (Stops when US entered WW2) ■ War effort- focused solely on the war fronts (Pacific & Eastern) and how to win ● LBJ ○ Tried to do both Civil Rights & Vietnam at the same time ■ Johnson criticized for his handling of Vietnam ■ “Don’t search out gun & butter at once” ● Aka, don’t try to do both foreign & domestic policy at the same time