Chapter 3 Reading Notes
Chapter 3 Reading Notes History 202
Popular in United states history since 1865
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elly Notetaker on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 202 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Gregory Domber in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see United states history since 1865 in History at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Chapter 3 Reading Notes: Forming Tighter Bonds Uncivil Wars, 1640-1660 Smallpox and Wars Plague the Great Lakes Arrival of colonists in 1630s brought smallpox to North America Traditional Indian remedies worsened the epidemic Grief and rage put Iroquois League and others on a warpath o Raged conflict between Iroquois and Hurons for 70 years o Called the Beaver Wars Captured and tortured men to avenge deaths Other captives were adopted into the clan with the same identity of a dead loved one European guns intensified the wars English Civil Wars English divided: those who believed Charles I was supreme leader or those who favored Parliament o Fought and started English Civil War, killed Charles I Leaders of 6 of the colonies declared allegiance to his son Charles II In New England, England’s Civil War brought religious, social, and economic upheaval o Church of England official religion not Puritan o First effort to convert Indians through the New England Company led by missionary John Eliot o Gave rise to the first witch scare Some belonged to Society of Friends or “Quakers” o Slowed immigration leading to economic depression o Accelerated the development of New England’s ship building industry Planters and Slaves in the Caribbean English colonists came to Barbados in 1627 and it became its wealthiest and most populous colony o Majority were Africans who worked and died in sugar cane fields The sugar boom tied Barbados and New England together Accelerated the rise of African slavery and decline indentured servants Barbados Slave Code prescribed levels of protection for African slaves and white servants Sugar boom made England a major participant in Atlantic slave trade and created English America’s first slave society Church and Indians in Southeast and Southwest In 1663, Spanish friars added and were invited by Apalachee Indians in the Florida panhandle to their network of missions 14 years later Apalachee set 7 missions ablaze and drove the Spanish out. Spanish retaliated New Imperial Orders, 1660-1680 The English Colonial Empire and the Conquest of New Netherland Charles II came to power in Europe as king Brought enduring changes to colonists and Indians o New colonies formed o New Netherland entered English empire by conquest Charles II established the Navigation Acts o Free trade within the colonial empire but restricted outside o Mixed reactions from colonists o Officials looked to the act to sever ties with Dutch merchants Quebec and the Expansion of French America 1000 French troops went to Quebec as North America’s first army Minister John-Baptiste Colbert considered the regiment crucial to his plan to reform the French Empire Mercantilism: economic system where colonies exist to provide raw materials and serve as protected markets for finished goods First French curbed Iroquoian raids Then resettled New France – recruited women Developed into a modest colony dependent on furs Chesapeake Servitude, Mainland Slavery Maryland and Virginia had become dependent on slavery and founded on white supremacy 1668 law compelled free black women to pay a tax, burdening families Lawmakers built legal foundation on slavery Expansion of African slavery was tied to chargers in indentured servitude and the region’s reputation in England Women’s servitude was equal if not worse than men’s The Creation of South Carolina When Charles I was executed, his supporter Sir John Colleton, fled England Charles II rewarded his loyalty by giving rights to colonize land between Virginia and Florida – became “Carolina” Envisioned colonists would pay them for the land peacefully among Indians Most colonists came from Barbados Barbadians helped craft North America’s first slave code o Also oriented the economy towards West Indies (need of food and labor) Group called Westo sent enslaved captives to Caribbean Carolina had an alarming growing dependence on trafficking Indian slaves Metacom and the Algonquian Battle for New England Most New England colonists dreaded the news of Charles II’s coronation Led to political uncertainty and sense of crisis Some colonists called tried to forge new ties to England o Royal Society: group that advocated scientific discovery Colonists in scientific networks proclaimed themselves as experts on Indians and used science to distinguish themselves Algonquians worried about their future o More colonists traded overseas the less they needed Indians o Decided to selectively adopt English ways – began keeping pigs King Philip’s War – Algonquians confront English o Terrified colonies and destroyed 25 towns Indians suffered most from the war English saw the war as proof they needed a tighter rein on colonists Victorious Pueblos: A New Mid-Atlantic and “Glorious” Revolutions 1680-1960 The Pueblo War for Independence New Mexico’s diverse Indians united against Spanish rule Most successful war for independence in North American history to date Factors that prompted the war o Lots of Indian deaths o Spanish demand for tribute and sex o Spanish cracked down on rituals Pueblos disagreed on what to do after Spanish left Led to immediate conflicts Some invited Spanish back Royal Charters for New Jersey and Pennsylvania England conquered New Netherland giving Charles II more opportunity to reward supporters Creation of New Jersey and Pennsylvania o Promised immigrants religious freedom Quakers and Baptists saw New Jersey as a place to worship freely Hatred of quitrents – annual land fee Quakers recruited immigrants Model city Philadelphia linked Pennsylvania to Atlantic world Links to the West Indies helped slavery take root in Pennsylvania despite opposition Pennsylvania’s leaders cultivated amicable relations with Indians English North America’s “Glorious” Revolutions Charles II died, James II became king and disputed with Parliament Allied with French Louis XIV to impose Catholicism 100,000 Huguenots fled France Parliament invited William and Mary to take the throne Became the “Glorious” Revolution and preserved English liberty Colonists in Massachusetts Bay, New York, and Maryland responded to Revolution with violence Ironically, colonists helped strengthen royal authority The Glorious Revolution tightened the political bond between English and its colonies North America’s Hundred Years’ War Begins William and Mary’s coronation triggered war in Europe and North America Rebels in New York and New Jersey invaded Canada Conflict sparked one of the last witch scares War had bad repercussions on Native Americans
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