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JPN 101 lesson 3 notes

by: Cassandra Lawton

JPN 101 lesson 3 notes JPN 101

Marketplace > Michigan State University > JPN 101 > JPN 101 lesson 3 notes
Cassandra Lawton

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About this Document

These notes go over verb conjugation, verb forms, dialogue with verbs, minutes, and a dialogue on how to tell someone when you do things (with minutes)
Elementary Japanese I
Class Notes
Japanese, First Year Japanese 1, time, minutes, beginner
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Lawton on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JPN 101 at Michigan State University taught by Uheara in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
Notes lesson 3 days 1-5 Verb Conjugation There are three types of verbs in Japanese. Ru verbs, U-verbs and irregular verbs. RU: the last character of a dictionary form is I/ru or E/ru EX: Miru (to see), taberu(to eat) U: 1. The last character is not ru EX: hanasu (to speak) or yomu (to read) 2. The last character is A-ru, U-ru, or O-ru. EX: Owaru (To end) Tsukuru (to make) 3. Exceptionally the last character is I-ru, e-ru: Ex: Kaeru (to return) Irregular: There are two irregular verbs suru (to do) and Kuru (to come) Verb Forms There is a dictionary form for the verbs which is the most basic form. A present affirmative a polite or long form, and a present negative. Present affirmative or Masu form: This is the polite form of a verb it is also called long form. RU-verbs: 1. Drop the ru EX: Miru - Mi 2. add masu - Mimasu U verbs: 1. Shift last character from u to IEX: hanasu - hanashi 2. Add masu - hanashimasu Irregular verbs: Just memorize Present negative: For all verbs: Drop the su and add sen. EX: hanasu = hanashimasu= hanashimsen Dialogue: Do you…. X-san: Y-san osushi O tabemaska? X-san: Y, do you eat sushi? Y-san: Hai, tabemasu. OR iie, tabemasen Y-san: Yes I eat sushi. OR No I don’t. X-san: Soo desu ka X-san: Is that so. Minutes #+ fun/pun 1 minute: ippun 2 minutes: nifun 3 minutes: sanpun 4 minutes: yonpun 5 minutes: gofun 6 minutes: roppun 7 minutes: nanfun 8 minutes: happun 9 minutes: kyuufun 10 minutes: juppun 11 minutes: juuippun 12: juunifun 20: nijuppun 30: sanjuppun 40: yonjuppun 50: gojuppun 60 rokujuppun How many minutes?: nanpun Dialogue: Time which go to bed and wake up X-san: Y-san nanji ni nemasuka? X-san: Y, what time do you go to sleep? Y-san gozen ichiji han goro ni nemasu. Y-san: I go to sleep around 1:30AM X-san: osoi desu ne. (it’s late). X-san: is that so. That’s late. Jaa, nanji ni okimasuka Then what time do you wake up? Y-san: rokuji juugo fun goro ni okimasu. Y-san: I wake around 6:15 X-san: soodesuka. Hayai desu ne. (it’s early). X-san: Is that so. That’s early


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