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French Notes

by: Morgan Liverman

French Notes French 3401

Morgan Liverman
University of Memphis

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French Civilization
Dr. William Thompson
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Liverman on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to French 3401 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. William Thompson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see French Civilization in French at University of Memphis.

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Date Created: 09/30/16
French Civ.  9/19 Renaissance = re-naître 16éme siècle • C’est le fin de la moyen âge  • RE­decouvrir, parce­que c’est un revival de le philosophe de la Grec classique, et de la Rome  aussi, antiquité • au moyen âge, qu’est­qui domine dans le discussion intellectuelle = l’église, les écrire  religieuse (catholique)  • Not just denying the religious texts, but also reviving the philosophies more vast of antiquity  Moyen âge 500-1500 • pas un bon temps pour le pensions, les ideas  • The word renaissance doesn’t come until the 19th century, the historians gave the name  • It’s not that everything changed in the 1500’s but just about, and the renaissance reached France during the middle of the 16éme siècle • The renaissance was about saying that the church wasn’t le seule façon de realizer Pour quoi nous existons ? Humanism • AVANT Tous­explique avec dieu  • l’homme est importante, each man is their own pope  Le Langue Le française moderne est un pet le meme de le française pendant le époque de renaissance, on  peu lire les textes de renaissance pas problèmes.  • Le française de le moyen age = canterbury tales english  • pendant le moyen âge il y a le premier textes de le grammaire française, la langue était  standardisé  • Through the french schooling system they tried to have everyone learn this standardized french Scientifique, exploration, colonisation • Cartographie, instruments of measurement too • Copernic (Copernicus) vas faire connaître (to make known) que le monde est ronde, contre le  église en essence  • alors des hommes européens va faire les grand movements de l’exportateurs avec ses sciences  modernes, qu’est qu’il y a dans l’autre cote de l’Atlantique ? Faire la tour du monde (ils  n’avaient pas un bon idea de l’espace de le monde) [Lachine in Quebec, they thought it was  China] • They were very optimistic, they thought that maybe the Mississippi could continue all the way  to the east  • 1534 Jacque Cartier, par Francois 1er, le premier envoyant à l’Amérique  Before the printing press it was only the monks (les moines)  • Gutenberg réalisait un texte qui explique le système de le presse d’imprimerie • ça vien l’abilité de agrandir la litterature  Religion Protestants = les hommes qui proteste les ideas de l’église du Rome (Luther, Calvin) • un nouveau forme de la religion chrétienne   Art Lots of nude art pops up because the church isn’t so much of an impression Royalty • 1515 début de la renaissance en France  (Francois premier a devenu le roi de la France)  • 32 years of reigning, brought the idea of the italian renaissance to France • he was interested in the idea of the renaissance He was the first FRENCH king, all of the rulers before were more like generals in the army • he also fought in the wars but fulfilled different roles of being a monarch • he began controlling the intellect of the “French” public with his rule  • he really showed this with his chateaus  • before chateaus didn’t have windows for protection, but at this time they showed le richesse de la noblesse  • He had 7 children with his first wife, and then he had a second wife who was Eleanor  d’Autriche = marriage politique, she was the sister of the enemy of Francois premiere (they  didn’t have any kids)  • He invited the italian artists to come to France to work for him  Comment dans les arts, les chose changer? 9.20.2016 Changing to format of the homework Louis XIV 1638-1715 • Rgence, when the king is too young to govern, so it was his mother who controlled the affairs of the monarchy until the majority of Louis (Major = 18, minor = >18) • Roi Soleil, the Sun King • He centralized all of the power into one person, just like how the sun is the center of the universe (like everyone thought at the time) the king is the center of the french universe • He was very Catholic, at the time there were lots of Protestants, Huguenot, • il y a beaucoup de tension entre les catholique et protestants, finalement la majorette de huguenots vont quitte la France pour L’Angleterre, Pays- Bas, • Clé: Reign centralisé et catholique • La mere de Louis XIV n’était pas Française, elle était Autrichienne • Beaucoup des hommes françaises n’aime pas l’idea de une femme autrichienne de cree les règle de société française, elle peut contrôlé le roi • Ca cree un tension entre le monarchie et noblesse • So Louis had the court and moved to Versailles • For safety • It’s easier to control a court if they are all in one place “keep your friends close, enemies closer”, they were obligated to live in Versailles He had an Austria wife also! Marie of Austria. Le roi avait beaucoup de connu maîtresses. “L’état c’est moi.”  • The whole court lived in Versailles • Louis wondered, what can the noblesse do, because they don’t really actively participate in society, so the nobles became the help for the king, they had responsibilities base off of their titles, it was a pretty absurd system, for example: bring the king his wig and take it off Le Tableau Artiste: Rigaud • é par le roi, il pose pour la peinture command • Originale est dans le louvre, et un copie Versailles • Il dcouvert sa jambes, jambes de danseur • Il port la robe de coronation, trofficielle, fleurdelisé  • lépée de Charlemagne, le ligne de royauté  • Un sceptre, la symbole de pouvoir royale, comme chef des arm ées • He dominates the painting completely • He was 63 and it totally shows in his face It’s symbolically older on the upper half, younger on the bottom half • Il porte un collier qui symbolise un autre roi franses, c’est la symbole des autres royale françaises • The column shows how solid he is as a king • The hair was a lot like a lion, full but meant lots of strength and force Hand out for Versailles


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