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Psyc 203 weekly notes

by: Daria Hebron

Psyc 203 weekly notes PSYC 203

Daria Hebron
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Human Development
Kim Shifren
Class Notes




Popular in Human Development

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daria Hebron on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 203 at Towson University taught by Kim Shifren in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Human Development in Psychology (PSYC) at Towson University.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
Human Development Weekly notes Bodily growth:  Children grow rapidly between 3­6 years old. No more baby features.   Muscular and skeleton system growth increases  Children build stamina and stronger Sleep patterns:   Average children need 11 hours of sleep  Disruption in sleep may be caused my activation of the brain’s motors system Want to help your children to go to sleep? Here are some ideas: 1. Try to avoid loud and distracting television shows 2. Don’t feed your child at bedtime 3. And, most importantly, stay strong when your child says “just one more time”, to singing them a song or even reading them a book. Want them to go back to sleep: 1. After the night terror your child had, don’t wake them up. If they are awake, let them go  back to sleep. 2. If your child is sleep walking, carry them back to bed and put a childproof lock on their  door Night terrors: do not wake your child, even if they scream, breathing hard, and sitting up.  They are not awake.  Enuresis: peeing in the bed or clothing repeatedly     ­more commonly in boys      ­ Wetting in the bed is not deliberate, but bladders are not well developed.  Most parents can’t define which hand their child will right with. Left hemisphere control the  right side of the body and vice versa.  Obesity is a NO.   Children will most likely be obese if their parent is obese  Eating fast food all the time.  Ways to prevent obesity are:   ­watching less than 2 hours a day,  ­eating family meals together regularly  ­ Reasonable amount of sleep  Food allergy: the immune system is not accepting a particular kind of food  Death rates of babies are higher in poor areas. Babies are not getting the nutrition they need to  grow and develop.  Environmental influences that affects a child’s health:  1. Race/Ethnicity  2. Homelessness  3. Exposures Air Pollution, Smoke, Lead *Mnemonic alert! Run, Home, Evan!! Cognitive development Piagetian Approach: The Preoperational child Piaget’s theory: infants are aware and learn about the surroundings by using their senses and  motor activity.  Preoperational stage: the 2  stage, between the ages of 2­7 years old, means when children use  symbols more as a thought but can’t use logic or explain such things *Symbolic thought are accompanied by objects in space, categorization, numbers, and causality,  Symbolic function: using symbols and attaching the meaning to them.  Pretend play: children playing with imaginary people and situations   Example: playing house with other children Objects in Space: growing ability to understand the relationship between maps, images and  object and space they represent.  Causality: children cannot use logic to explain the cause and effect.                  ­transduction: mentally linking two events that is not logically causal relationship,  example: parents’ divorce.  Identities and Categorization: understanding everybody is the same even if the change their  physical appearance. Categorizing people by similarities and differences. Whether the people is  “pretty” or “ugly” , “black” or “white”  ­animism: a tendency to give live to a non­living object.  Like give clouds, shadows, or  even toys life but talking and asking them questions. Numbers:  children counting on their fingers  Immature Aspects of the Preoperational Thought   Centration: focusing on one perspective of the situation and the neglect the other aspect     ­egocentrism: inability to understand another person’s point of view    ­conservation: a set of objects of equal as long as nothing was added or taken away  (Having the same two glasses of water, one glass of water was poured in a different shape of the glass but more glasses have the same amount of water in them) Example: number, length, mass, volume, area, liquid, and weight Irreversibility: not understanding that an situation or operation can go  multidirectional way  Decenter: thinking about all aspects of the situations  Theory of Mind: is having awareness and understanding about mental processes, /understand  people’s behavior  For example: where do flowers come from? Why is that person acting like that?  Memory:  Grapes. Are. Essential­Mnemonic Alert Generic memory: routine memories that are recorded like scripts Autobiographical memory: memory of a specific event of that person’s life Episodic memory: a long time memory of an exciting or horrible event that was out of  the ordinary  


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