Medieval Crusade: Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
Medieval Crusade: Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 4330
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Gipson on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 4330 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kathryn Beebe in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Medieval Crusades and the Jihad in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
The Crusader States were established in the wake of the capture: County of Edessa, by Baldwin of Boulogne Principality of Antioch, founded by Bohemond of Taranto Kingdom of Jerusalem County of Tripoli, “founded” by Raymond of Toulouse. Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem Godfrey of Bouillon becomes first Crusader “king” of Jerusalem. 1100, at Godfrey’s death, his younger brother Baldwin (of Edessa) is crowned King Baldwin I. o Major Goals of Baldwin: To control Jerusalem and the surrounding areas. o Three Principal Fiefs: (Bit of land in return for military service) County of Tripoli Principality of Antioch County of Edessa Baldwin’s military agins Bohemond of Antioch help captive 1100-03 Baldwin I give Tancred given the regency of Antioch until Bohemond’s return Crusade of 1101 o Lombards o French Armies (with defectors Stephen of Blois and Hugh of Vermandois) o Raymond of Toulouse o Capture Tortosa and nothing else. Norman/French Social Dierarchies maintained in the Kingdom: o King o Nobles: chief vassals of the king. Formed High Court with Church o Knights: in cities or rural estates. Owed military service. o Burgesses: armed foot soldiers. Experienced the most social change. Muslims and Jews in Crusader territory were allowed land-ownership rights and allowed to practice their religion, while they were subject to taxes, but not allowed to live in Jerusalem itself. REVIEW: The First Crusade o Pope Urban II is a Gregorian reformer, believing in more power to the Pope, and dies in 1099, a few days after the actual capture of Jerusalem and never heard the outcome. o Baldwin I (of Boulogne and Edessa [France]), married multiple women (Arda and Adelaide) and NEEDS MONEY, the second King of Jerusalem, younger brother to Godfrey. o Godfrey of Bouillon (France), first “King” of Jerusalem but takes title as “Defender of the Holy Sepulcher.” Rules for almost a year, dying of Typhoid Fever. o Alexius, Emperor of Byzantine Empire with palace in Constantinople. Wants his land back, wants to be a Great Holy Roman Emperor (Augustus Caesar or Constantine). Daughter is Anna Comnena (Greek, First of Women writers and witness to the Crusaders coming in). Alexius dies in 1117 and hates the dirty Christianites that want to take his land.
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