CSD 216: Week 6 Notes
CSD 216: Week 6 Notes CSD 216
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CSD 216 at University of Mississippi taught by Lisa Fratesi Ivy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
OUR FIRST EXAM IS TUESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 2016 Baby Signs Developed by Linda Acredolo and Susan Goodwin Asked, “Will signing with a baby inhibit their verbal speech development?” o NO Morphological Development Morphemes are smallest units of sound that add meaning Morphological development is child’s internalization of language rules that apply to word structure Present Progressive ing 1928 months Describe an action of limited duration that is taking place right now o Used with action verbs o Swimming, running, swinging, etc Plural s 2733 months Voiced consonant Prepositions First prepositions learned are in and on In – 2730 months On – 3134 months Possessive ‘s Marks ownership 3134 months Possessive pronouns Regular Past Tense ed 4346 months Often overgeneralized to all verbs o Swimmed, runned, eated, falled Irregular Past Tense 4346 months o Ate, drank, went, ran, saw, swam Copula 4346 months The verb “to be” o Includes “to become,” “to get,” “to feel” Used to link the subject with predicate o Contractible copula She’s happy Auxiliary Contraction 4750 months Copula + action verb Articles A, an, the 2846 months o A = nonspecific o The = specific o An = not learned until schoolage Mean Length of Utterance Average length of the number of morphemes in an utterance Simple estimate of the syntactic complexity of an individual’s utterance during the first 5 years of development o My dog has fleas. (5 morphemes) o I can see you. (4) o We are running late for school. (7) o What are you cooking? (5) o Santa Claus is coming soon! (5) 26/5 = 5.2 MLU Declarative Sentences Make a statement o Subject + verb o Subject + verb + object o Subject + verb + prepositional phrase 3 year old have typically mastered declaratives Interrogative Questions Yes/No questions Wh questions – seek specific information about time, etc Tag questions – statement that tags on a question at the end of the statement o You haven’t already eaten, have you? Negatives No, not o Appear between subject and predicate Cannot, can’t, don’t, won’t Nobody, nothing, never, nowhere Development: o No eat that o I not eat that o I don’t want to go Preposition In, on, under, over, etc Begins around age 3 Intelligibility Most children are 75% intelligible by age of 3 Ages 45, 7590% intelligibility Phonological Awareness Rhyming – production and discrimination Segmenting – phonemes, syllables, words Isolation – initial, final, medial sound Deleting – phonemes, syllables, and clusters Substitution – with and without manipulations Blending – phonemes, syllables Graphemes – letters Decoding – breaking words apart Conversational Skills Exchanges between people Learn within conversational context Different styles of speaking (registers) Turn taking skills Conversational repair Topic maintenance and termination Making background assumptions about the listener’s knowledge (presuppositions) Interpreting words with reference to the position of the speaker (deictic terms) Narrate Summary Semantic – child develops lexicon (all the words you understand and use) Morphology – morphemes are smallest units of sound that add meaning o Child’s internalization of language rules that apply to word structure Syntax o Phonology o Pragmatic Building Language – parents should read to child, allow child to pretend to read and point at letters