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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hewan Ft on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 330 at James Madison University taught by S. Mooney in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Diplomatic History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Week 5 Key terms Industrials Standard Oil Carnegie Steel Exports vs Imports Financial panic Overproduction Sewards Folly “Indian resettlement” Berlin Conference (1884) Panama Canal (The French Attempt) James G. Blaine Reciprocity Treaties Latin American Interventions Hawaii Midway, Samoa, Pago Pago 1872 Washington Treaty Alfred Mahan (Mahanism) Economic and domestic Politics This is the age where the united states figures out how to reunite itself. Southern and Northern states where learning to work with each other Late 19th century was not an isolationist period *The sectional crisis between the two halfs of the US had slowed the building of the transcontinental railroad. Southerners wanted it on the railroad on the southern route because it would connect them to the new western region. When the south left the union, congress built the railroad on the northern rout. Southern succession transforms the northern business climate Allows for building out of the transcontinental railroad ● Finishes in 1869 Create demand for industrial goods to fight a war Creates a demand for labor attracting further immigration from Europe Large corporations reap huge profits from the war effort ● Corporations exist because of the war, war creates these entities Overall industrial base increases ● Because of rise of manufacturing ● Positions us for global expansion, especially into the Pacific Economic demographics of US: > The us economy was a rollercoaster ride throughout the later half of the 19th century. > The expansion lead to overproduction because the US didn't have an internal market to consume these goods. > We can’t consume everything that we are producing so we started looking abroad for markets > Us leadership and public saw itself at the center of the global of the economy, and the British and US were in fact the center of the world economy at the time. > Lots of fascination with Africa, belief that it could be a new market for the world > The civil war hardens our already fast views of superiority Not driven by military in this century but it does develop in order to protect the markets Migration westwards was meant to be a safety valve to get away from domestic issues. The need for markets: An over expanded industrial base needed to foreign markets. Domestics consumption could not soak up all the iron, steel, wheat and other base goods being produced Government interest and business interests converged ● Gov is not big enough to deal with America’s problems, ends up growing because it has to Highly corrupt time for the government The US has never been isolated and they filled universities around the world. There was a lot of movement around the world by the US. Missionaries especially in China and Japan. When they did travel, they would belittle the system of the places they went and extolled the virtues of the american democracy. They had a self confirming view of the world The Grand Tour The US is not isolated in the Gilded Age Americans travelled ● Viewed the world as less superior than the US participated in mission trips Enrolled in European Universities Extolled the virtues of American Democracy American Missionaries goal was to spread christianity but also came with cultural and racial superiority. They came with good intentions. Historians argue about that missionaries helped lay foundations for better relations with countries such as china and japan. Missionaries did not have a large economic impact because their work was very concentrated and narrow. They did help many people but in some cases hinder diplomats of the US. This time is also big for women because a lot of the humanitarian responses were lead by women. 18701890 American missionaries fanned out across Asia Africa Middle East, and Latin American ● Spreads Christianity, not clear what the result was from these missionaries ● Remnants of Christian impact Negative and positive attributes ● Paternalistic, but supposedly wellintentioned Women participated with charities and international relief agencies Once there was the invention of communication lines (telegraph) between nations, presidents began to have a much larger roll. They were now in charge of internationally communication. 30% of people were born in other nations and began to have implications on policy. US Policy Fragmented ● Stuck to their unilateralist view ● William McKinley killed, leads to rise of Roosevelt Americans were torn between traditional foreign policy positions and adjusting to a modern world that was changing rapidly Younger Americans pushed for adjustment to old positions Other Americans focused on domestic concerns No leadership standouts in this era Linking past and future if James G. Blaine ● Wanted to be a Lincoln or Seward ● Not as influential as lincoln
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