POS 160 Week 7 Notes 15
POS 160 Week 7 Notes 15 POS160
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS160 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Reed M. Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Global Politics in Political Science at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
POS160 CIVIL WAR & INSURGENCY War& ViolentConflict International: WW1 WW2 Mexican American War FalklandsWar Civil:domesticactor using violence againstgov’ttoachieve goal/objective. US CivilWar Russian War ElSalvador Communal/Tribal Indian IvoryCoast OrganizedCrime Mob& gang violence Defining CivilWar Violentconflictbetween gov’tandorganizeddomesticpolitical group Mustbe politicalandinvolve gov’t 2Motives: Ideological–Revolution Secession –Territorial Thresholdforviolence <1,000 deaths CausesofCivilWar Complex& multi-causal Generalfactors: Poverty+ Weakgov’t+ NaturalResources+ Repression + Democracy– InequalityandPoverty Citedargumentsassourcesofconflict Yet,these alone cannotpredictviolence Lotsofpoor/unequalstatesdonothave civilwar Complex Causes NeverINEcauseofwar Factors: Motivation:reasonstorebel Opportunity:chance tomove on motive Motivation Opportunity Grievance Grievance notsufficient Repression MUST BE SPACEFORREBELLION Weak Gov’t Poverty Political/ economicinstability Inequality Ungovernedspace Unemployment Lackpoliticalaccess Accesstoarms/support Demandfor autonomy Opportunisticmotives (BloodDiamond) Complex Causes Causalfactorsthat interactto producecivilwar: Povertygrievances weakgov’t Grievancesprotest threat togov’t Threat& weaknessRepression Result:CivilWar CivilWarasBargaining Failure Examinedsimilartoint’lconflicts Actor A(potentialrebels)makedemandon Actor B (state). Autonomy/share power Democracy/Human Rights Redressofinequality/poverty Actor B can acceptor reject The actors“bargain”overapolicyspace justastheywouldbargain overaterritory. Bargaining Failure Ifactorsfailtoreachan agreement,Actor Amaychoosewar Recallassumptions: Wariscostly Warisagamble Winner willgetsome goodminusthecostofthewar(EU=P(G)-C) “Rational”actorsshouldattempt toresolve disputesnon-violentlyfirst. Whyfightoverbargain? 1)Incomplete incorrectinformation Misjudge capability/willingnesstoflight 2)Commitmentproblems Don’tbelieve state/rebelswillabide bydeal 3)Preemption/prevention Beatthemtothe“punch” Attackwhile theyare weak 4)Agoodisindivisible Somethingscannotbe split Complex Solutions Complex causes=complexsolutions Prevention iseasier(& lesscostly) thantreatment Prevention strategies: Economicdevelopment Addressinginequality Political intervention Respectfor human rights Verycomplex solutions Regimetransition Createsopportunitiesfor revolt Losers@ballotboxturn tobullets Democracyisnotenough ECONOMICDEVEOPMENTIS ASLOWPROCESS Createinstability Attention toinequalityimportant Concessionsencourage new challenges
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