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POS 160 Week 7 Notes 15

by: Alexandra Notetaker

POS 160 Week 7 Notes 15 POS160

Alexandra Notetaker
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Civil war and Insurgency
Global Politics
Dr. Reed M. Wood
Class Notes
pos, 160, global, Politics, political science, notes, study, Lecture Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS160 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Reed M. Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Global Politics in Political Science at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
POS160 CIVIL WAR & INSURGENCY  War& ViolentConflict  International:  WW1  WW2  Mexican American War  FalklandsWar  Civil:domesticactor using violence againstgov’ttoachieve goal/objective.  US CivilWar  Russian War  ElSalvador  Communal/Tribal  Indian  IvoryCoast  OrganizedCrime  Mob& gang violence  Defining CivilWar  Violentconflictbetween gov’tandorganizeddomesticpolitical group  Mustbe politicalandinvolve gov’t  2Motives:  Ideological–Revolution  Secession –Territorial  Thresholdforviolence  <1,000 deaths  CausesofCivilWar  Complex& multi-causal  Generalfactors:  Poverty+  Weakgov’t+  NaturalResources+  Repression +  Democracy–  InequalityandPoverty  Citedargumentsassourcesofconflict  Yet,these alone cannotpredictviolence  Lotsofpoor/unequalstatesdonothave civilwar  Complex Causes  NeverINEcauseofwar  Factors:  Motivation:reasonstorebel  Opportunity:chance tomove on motive  Motivation Opportunity  Grievance  Grievance notsufficient  Repression  MUST BE SPACEFORREBELLION  Weak Gov’t  Poverty  Political/ economicinstability  Inequality  Ungovernedspace  Unemployment  Lackpoliticalaccess  Accesstoarms/support  Demandfor autonomy    Opportunisticmotives (BloodDiamond)  Complex Causes  Causalfactorsthat interactto producecivilwar:  Povertygrievances weakgov’t  Grievancesprotest threat togov’t  Threat& weaknessRepression  Result:CivilWar  CivilWarasBargaining Failure  Examinedsimilartoint’lconflicts  Actor A(potentialrebels)makedemandon Actor B (state).  Autonomy/share power  Democracy/Human Rights  Redressofinequality/poverty  Actor B can acceptor reject  The actors“bargain”overapolicyspace justastheywouldbargain overaterritory.  Bargaining Failure  Ifactorsfailtoreachan agreement,Actor Amaychoosewar  Recallassumptions:  Wariscostly  Warisagamble  Winner willgetsome goodminusthecostofthewar(EU=P(G)-C)  “Rational”actorsshouldattempt toresolve disputesnon-violentlyfirst.  Whyfightoverbargain?  1)Incomplete incorrectinformation  Misjudge capability/willingnesstoflight  2)Commitmentproblems  Don’tbelieve state/rebelswillabide bydeal  3)Preemption/prevention  Beatthemtothe“punch”  Attackwhile theyare weak  4)Agoodisindivisible  Somethingscannotbe split  Complex Solutions  Complex causes=complexsolutions  Prevention iseasier(& lesscostly) thantreatment  Prevention strategies:  Economicdevelopment  Addressinginequality  Political intervention  Respectfor human rights  Verycomplex solutions  Regimetransition  Createsopportunitiesfor revolt  Losers@ballotboxturn tobullets  Democracyisnotenough  ECONOMICDEVEOPMENTIS ASLOWPROCESS  Createinstability  Attention toinequalityimportant  Concessionsencourage new challenges


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