ARHI 2300 notes week 7
ARHI 2300 notes week 7 ARHI 2300
Popular in Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo
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Popular in Art
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddi Huff on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARHI 2300 at University of Georgia taught by Neely, Elizabeth in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Art History I: Cave Painting to Michelangelo in Art at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People ARHI 2300- Cave Painting to Michelangelo Lecture Notes Week 7 9/25/16 Rome 1. Imperial Procession- Processional relief depicting a. Figures have naturalistic heads on classical Greek bodies b. Children are shown in relief because Augustus promotes fertility i. He encouraged the strengthening and continuation of noble bloodlines 2. Colosseum- amphitheater used for gladiatorial combats or battles between men and animals. source of enter a. Referred to as the Flavian Amphitheater at the time b. amphitheaters—elliptical, enclosed spaces used for performances and entertainment c. People were seated by status and did not speak to people in other classes d. It was built on the grounds of Emperor Nero’s house e. Niches of coliseum held sculptures f. It was often flooded in ordered to reenact naval battles g. Velarium- retractable awning that used to be a part of the building to shield people from rain or sunshine h. Corinthian pilaster- flattened column against wall 3. Triumphal arch- In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road a. Weight distribution of arch is channeled to the posts, allowing for longer spans b. Engaged column- a half rounded column c. Barrrel vault- connected series of roman arches d. Spandrel- triangular area on arch between curve and entablature i. Depicts goddess of victory e. Apotheosis- elevated to rank of gods, or ascent to heaven f. Reliefs depict parade after victory and warriors carrying the spoils of war, with the ruler of battle (titus) following behind on a chariot 9/28/16 Review of exam 1 9/30/16 1. Forum of Trajan- public space used for civic duties a. Column of Trajan- first commemorative column used to celebrate his defeat of the Dacians i. Column had many friezes ii. Was originally crowned with sculpture of Trajan Guide: Works of art Vocabulary People iii. Was a funerary monument because it held an orb containing his ashes Extremely popular, Spanish ruler iv. Initiated many social programs 2. Fragmentary bust of Hadrian a. Hadrian was infatuated with Greek art b. Contributed a lot of original and Roman copies of Greek art that we now study today 3. Pantheon a. Pan=all, Theos=gods b. Revolutionary because of its domed roof c. Roofs were gilded with gold d. Triumphal arch stood informant of building e. While pediment says “marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, built this in his third consulship” i. Marcus Agrippa built the first one, but it burnt down twice. The third and final was built by Hadrian f. Dome- hemispherical vault forming the roof of a building, typically with a circular base g. Oculus- hole in ceiling o dome h. Central plan- parts of the structure are of equal dimensions around the center i. Coffer- sunken panel, often ornamental, in vault of celling j. Romans used concrete because marble is extremely heavy and expensive k. Shrines to gods placed throughout l. Later converted into Christian church by the Pope m. Important people also buried in the temple, such as Raphael n. Niche- a shallow recess in a wall to display a statue or other ornament o.