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Women in History- Maternal Commonwealth Class Notes

by: Madison Kosater

Women in History- Maternal Commonwealth Class Notes HY 206

Marketplace > Brenau University > History > HY 206 > Women in History Maternal Commonwealth Class Notes
Madison Kosater


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About this Document

Class notes taken during the lecture/ powerpoint about the Maternal Commonwealth
Women in US History
Dr. Hollimon
Class Notes
Declaration, Of, Right, woman, conscious, Motherhood
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Kosater on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 206 at Brenau University taught by Dr. Hollimon in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Women in US History in History at Brenau University.


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Date Created: 09/30/16
The Maternal Commonwealth ● Women in the Public Sphere ○ college and professional women were increasing in large numbers during this time ○ standard of living has changed­ people have more stuffy stuff   ○ Professions ■ by 1880, there were 2,312 female doctors ■ women held office jobs ○ Immigration ■ most still from northern and western Europe but  increasing number from southern Europe ■ tension between new and old immigrant ■ more Catholics coming; protestants hate this  (WASPy people) ● Victorianism ○ man goes to work, knows about things, comes home to nicely  dressed kids with loyal wife ○ separation between private and public sphere ○ Bradwell v. Illinois (1873) ■ Myra Bradwell married to prominent Chicago  judge/attorney ■ began writing Chicago legal news ■ had to get special permission b/c of legal restraints  on married women and business ■ advocated social and legal reforms and women's  issues ■ decried conditions at the county poor house,  encouraged the investigation of jury bribery, printed humiliating accounts  of judges' behavior to weed out heavy drinking ■ very well educated, wanted to be admitted to BAR  to practice law, she applied and they said no based on sex ■ she appeals to Supreme Court, they  say no because the delicacy of women is unfit for a career in law ■ she argued that the state couldn't  deny to her based on that because of Equal Protection in 14th  Amendment ● Declaration of Rights of Women ○ series of assumptions and usurpations of power over women ○ made sex a crime ○ Britain was to America as men have been to women ○ men have made being female a crime­ you're not a citizen and  you have rights taken away from me ○ you've given men the title of nobility ○ we have no power to protect our children, we can't even do what  we are supposed to do ○ girls aren't allowed in desegregated schools ● Conscious Motherhood ○ Emma Marwedel: kindergarten movement ○ professionalization of motherhood ○ home is machine/ mother chief technician ○ ECS: " my advice to every mother, is above all other arts and  sciences, study first what relates to babyhood, as there is no department of  human action in which there is such lamentable ignorance ○ during this time, quality takes over quantity; you have fewer  children because we're settled and we have paid labor; take even better care of  children ● Maternal Commonwealth ○ motherhood as qualitative instead of quantitative­ birth rates go  down ○ fused private and public concerns; domesticity and politics ○ if women are responsible for family values, they have right to stop  been from doing certain things like coming home drunk ○ women more educated, more free time so more time to think  about stuff and do stuff ○ Comstock Law: 1873, contraception is obscene­ prevent 'good'  white women from having access to birth control in order to maintain white  population ○ by 1860s, women aren't spinning and weaving anymore; women  now are constantly sewing ○ germs are discovered, so if your family gets sick it's woman's fault  for not keeping her family clean ● Agrarian Discontent ○ drought of 1887 ○ prices dropping ○ groups wanted gov to control currency, break up corporate  monopolies ○ National Farmers Alliance ○ big companies buying up little farms, charging fees for  transportation of crops, offer cheaper products ○ Mary Elizabeth Lease ■ "People's Joan of Arc" ■ she was a lawyer form Kansas working in the  Temperance movement, very vocal, part of populist movement ■ farmer's fight needs to be more confrontational ■ stereotyped as a "harpy" ■ same stereotype done with Victoria Woodhull ■ Woodhull publishes satirical  newspaper with her sister, accused of being racey ■ she and her sister were the first  female brokers on wall street ■ said that sex was enjoyable, which is bad because women are supposed to not like sex; unpure ■ marriage is only pure and holy when  the woman's sexual freedom is respected, and she only has sex  with the husband when the woman wants it ● Comstock Law ○ US Postal Service couldn't send erotica, contraceptives,  abortifacients, adult entertainment, or info about any of those things ○ The Woodhull sisters had a newspaper that pointed out double  standards between men and women and funny sexual escapades ●  Potential Essay Questions ○ how the idea of republican motherhood evolved through  industrialization ○  


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