week 4 notes, personality psychology
week 4 notes, personality psychology 374
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Sinner on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 374 at Catholic University of America taught by Parkhurst, J. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology at Catholic University of America.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Horney Basic anxiety: can’t survive without adults passive: comply with adults so can get what need aggressive: demanding to get what need withdrawn: pull back to self Self: Depressed self: our weaknesses/ shortcomings o Similar to inferiority complex Real self: natural temperament Actual self: physical being (healthy, biological) Ideal self: one we put out and want people to believe Coping styles: Passive moving toward Aggression moving against Withdrawn moving away from others **need to use all three in order to be healthy or end up with problems and a mental pathology Horney’s idea women wanted same social power as men (not penis envy) Anna Freud Took psychoanalytic thought and related it to children FIRST CHILD PSYCHOLOGIST Believed heavily in social influence and power for development of personality Hartmann Developed the idea of ego psychology Heinz Kohut He was first to really label and study narcissism o Said it developed from the failure of parents in their parenting techniques o Person who has narcissism think they are not good enough To combat narcissism in therapy he would re-parent (replace previous bad parenting) o Re-parenting lead to the idea of ego lending (therapist lending the patient ego) o Both of these lead to transference where the patient see false relationships/ meanings Margaret Mahler Dealt with object relations and the importance of objects to a person Erikson Developed psychosocial psychology Stages of Development: 1 Trust vs mistrust [age 1-2] well taken care of or neglected a Related to basic anxiety b Correlates to Freud’s oral stage 2 Autonomy vs shame/ self doubt learn potty training to gain assurance from parents and it not parents shame you, autonomy marks that child is no longer helpless a Correlates to Freud’s anal stage 3 Initiative vs guilt [age 4-5] being able to have ideas and express preferences-develop a sense of self, but when shot down makes them feel sense of guilt a Correlates to phallic stage 4 Industry vs inferiority [age 6-puberty] putting prior steps to work and develop social comparison, but too much causes to feel inferior a Correlates with latency period 5 Identity vs role confusion understanding who you are and being comfortable as you are around other people *must understand self in order to be in a loving relationship 6 Intimacy vs isolation [young adults, 20-30] to fall in love and stay in love, or else fall into isolation 7 Generativity vs stagnation [40-50s] mild life crisis occur at this stage when people feel they have become stagnant a Related to vocational psychology 8 Ego integrity vs despair [70s and up] look at you past life and see how you feel about it *last stage of life*
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