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ENG 413 Notes

by: Suzanna Fleming

ENG 413 Notes ENG 413

Suzanna Fleming
GPA 3.88

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About this Document

These notes cover Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Biographia Literaria (Norton 293-304), Statesman's Manual (Norton 502-504), and part of Rime of the Ancient Mariner (Norton 451). The notes have been tak...
The Romantic Period
Professor J.M. Einboden
Class Notes
Romantic, Literature, Coleridge, Criticizm, english
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Suzanna Fleming on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 413 at Northern Illinois University taught by Professor J.M. Einboden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see The Romantic Period in ENGLISH (ENG) at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 09/30/16
ENG 413 09/26/2016 On Wordsworth: Biographia Literaria by Coleridge Apologetic­in praise of Wordsworth in answer to criticism “He is a man speaking to men” exerted from the common and universal “Absent as if they were present”­imagination o [ex. Trip through the Alps from Lyrical Ballads]  Allows absent things to be present­nostalgic  Memories­reverse direction: things in past to a present presence   Prophecy­future absent into present presence  Personal­person or thing  Absent reader as he or she were present  Aristotle­one of the first theorizers of poetry­passion Poet’s emotion when discussing events should relate to others­universality  General and operative  All language in some way is local  Also effective rather than external   Carried alive through passion into the heart Poetry­image of man in nature  o Creates mental pictures o Symbol of the imagination and creator Creator­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­> Human Image Nature Man Poetry Symbol, lens, mirror Composition­not merely a spontaneous experience * External preparatory expression * Clear state of mind when analyzing objects around him  Contemplated subject  Excitement of experience Tranquility Poetry excitement (E of E is an echo of P of E but not its equal)  [Tranquility re­collaborates the two]  Numbers­meters Poetry is a repetitious act­rises out of the excitement of an experience­stays with you and cycles  around Wordsworth: Romantic poets in general­organic terms (living entity) Child perspective—combining sense of wonder and novelty > Power of manhood > Sun, moon, and stars familiar and common but singular entities > Returning familiar to new wonders ENG 413 > Fine balance of truth > Sees and poeticizes > Created through imagination > Danger of human life dimming freshness and perspective Religious appeal to creation o Ancient of Days o Is not a contradiction in the union of old and new o Because we all admit, assume, agree on something, it loses its force  Impotent­not forceful  Genius­produces sense of novelty in the most assumed things  God­­­­creation­­­­repetition (human perspective)   } > Exodus 3:14 “I AM”­­­­creation­­­­finite mind of the infinite} Primary » Subjective complexity       } Echo of primary Coexisting with “conscious will”  vital­idealize      } Esemplastic­fashioning into one fashion        ­unifies     }Secondary Repetition­exact reoccurrences      } Echo­distance­loses something Imagination is the offspring of God­­­­­­­­­­­­makes dead alive and absent present  Living power and prime agent of all human perception  Finite mind­eternal creation The symbol is the trope of imagination Ideal (philosophic) Fancy: fixities and definite Made of emancipated memory Order of time and space Experience ENG 413 09/28/2016 Suddenness of Prelude World as we see day to day conventional  “Lethargy of Custom” Revolution of Imagination Nature is essential and common­but Poet makes it Romantic and novel Romantic from medieval (pg. 492) Divine impulses­reader inspired Poetic faith­willing suspension of disbelief “Film of Familiarity”—Biblical echo—expression Page 495—What is poetry? Quality of the poem Reflection or image­Poetry=man in nature Understand poetry­understand poet Subjective­created and creator      ­special to the poet Poetic Genius—Blake Page 496—What is the function of the Imagination? United ideas in the poet’s mind Distinct, diverse, opposite Synthetic—man­made with divinity with mystical} combination Sym. With Feel (together) Pathy Syn. With Place (something) Thesis Of sameness with difference—contradicting  Quintessence  Celestial wings Transformative (poetry) Turn familiar into fresh Page 498—Rustic or real? Opposition Where does “common” life begin? Wordsworth’s language comes from his knowledge Making assumptions about what common is Every dialect has its functions­he is attempting to adopt the peculiarities of the “real” language If you extract these qualities­you will have a language common to all Page 502—Statesman’s manual Bible­political manual ENG 413 Allegory and Symbol mechanic philosophy Consubstatial Scriptures are living educts of imagination Of the same material (Trinity) Faith­dead letter  Utilitarianism­world is means not an end Allegory and Symbol are not synonyms nor are Fancy and Imagination Page 503—Symbol Reason gives birth to symbols—dwells within ourselves Translucence­shines through Eternal Synecdoches­part represents whole * Monarchy by the crown­crown part of whole * Representative of the part but implies the whole Allegory­literal translation: “speaks other” points away} Fancy  Symbol­literal translation: “speaks or references itself” points toward­Tautegory} Imagination Special and individual parts of the whole  contains wholeness Rintrah—circular—referencing itself—self­reflective—self­contained It is nothing but itself­meaning contained in itself Animal farm is an allegory where the story and characters are representing something else God is the solution Know thyself—symbol Great Command of Romanticism “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” » Quotations are traditional appeals to authority and increase importance­enduring  Classical quality­dates material » Text and Paratext­add interpretation [Clarification]  Specific lens to look through text [Annotation]  Paratext supposed to be written by someone other than writer­instantly suggests  there is more than one voice » Style  Stanzaic, rhyming (metrical scheme)  Answer to a question that has not been asked “It is”; therefore bringing the reader  into a conversation that has already begun  Storylike, narrative, vivid imagery, but less abstract and more concrete  Dialogue, archaic ancient language   Closer to a traditional ballad


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