PHL 3000 Week One Notes
PHL 3000 Week One Notes PHL 3000
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Cochran on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 3000 at Wright State University taught by Dr. Scott Wilson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in Philosophy at Wright State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
August 31, 2016 Why Critical Thinking? 1. General: applies to any possible subject of inquiry. 2. Reflective: thinking about thinking. 3. Critical: questions whether reasoning is good or bad; aim to improve our thinking. 4. Overcome obstacles due to human nature. Socrates (470399 B.C.) A “Good” person according to the Greeks: Fit, strong, successful, good looking, wealthy. No relation to morals. A “Bad” person according to the Greeks: Sick, poor, failure. Contemporary Good vs. Evil > Moral > focuses on what you do. Socrates was prosecuted for: 1. Corrupting the youth 2. Not believing in the gods of Athens 3. Creating new gods Historical Context ● GrecoPersian War (499449 BC) a. Persia vs. Greek City States b. Persia was the larger, stronger force c. The Greeks won d. Ushered by the “Golden Era” of Athens ● Peloponnesian War (431404 BC) a. Athens vs. Sparta b. Athens loses to Sparts c. Athens was a democracy before the loss d. After the loss Sparta puts 30 Tyrants in charge i. Many were Athenians ii. Many of those were Socrates’s followers
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