PHL 3000 Week One Notes: Sep. 12
PHL 3000 Week One Notes: Sep. 12 PHL 3000
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Cochran on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 3000 at Wright State University taught by Dr. Scott Wilson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Critical Thinking in Philosophy at Wright State University.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
September 12, 2016 The Crito Why Socrates Thinks He Should Stay ● Basic Principles: ○ One ought never to act unjustly (or do evil) ○ One ought never to return an injustice for an injustice (don’t do evil in return for evil) ○ One must keep their agreement as long as they are just What Do These Principles Imply About Escaping? ● Procedural vs. Content Justice ○ Procedural Justice: Following a fair procedure. Results in just due to procedure ■ Procedure was followed for Socrates ○ Content Justice: Did the verdict get it right? ■ They got it wrong ○ 3 Arguments to Stay 1. The Parent Argument 2. The Benefactor Argument 3. The Agreement Argument ➔ The Parent Argument ◆ The State is (like) a parent to Socrates ● Acculturation ● Gives life, food, things needed ○ Potential Counters: ◆ Abusive Parents ◆ Missing, Racist, Criminal, etc. Parents ◆ Everyone ought to obey their parents ◆ If Socrates escapes he will disobey his parents (state) ◆ Therefore, Socrates ought not to escape ◆ “Forced” into situation, no options. You owe them ➔ The Benefactor Argument ◆ The state is Socrates’s benefactor ◆ Everyone ought to obey their benefactors ● What about State benefits; Friends also benefit ● What if the Benefactor tells you to do wrong thing (evil) ◆ If Socrates were to escape, he would disobey his benefactors ◆ Therefore, he ought not to escape ➔ The Agreement Argument *Passive Agreement, Tacit ◆ Socrates made an agreement to follow the laws of Athens ◆ Everyone ought to keep their agreements ◆ If Socrates escapes he will break his agreement ◆ Therefore, Socrates ought no escape
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