HIST111 Chapter 4 Notes
HIST111 Chapter 4 Notes History 111
Popular in United States History to 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cleopatra Shabazz on Friday September 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 111 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Eric Rose in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see United States History to 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/30/16
Chapter 4: The Great English Migration Important Term Definition/Main Idea Important People Places Great English Migration (1630-1642) The emigration of over 70,00 English citizens to North America British West Indies 50,000 English citizens Barbados = sugar island o Large export of slaves Economically functions from Carolina o Slaves went from Barbados to Carolina Lord Ashley Cooper o Established the “colonial experiment” o Owned the largest shares of African land o Owned a majority of the Barbados New England Plymouth Rock: place where the first pilgrims landed in 1620 First Year = Worst Year Unfamiliar climate kills over half the population Population stabilizes once people have adapted to the climate Virginia Jamestown First permanent British colony Governor Berkeley First Year = Worst Year o People adapt to climate and create families Struggled to make Indians work on Tobacco farms Indentured Servants White slaves o Worked 7 years on the plantation o Received food and housing Majority of white population o Desired to become farmers Bacon Rebellion Nathaniel Bacon: frontiersman who wants Indian land Asks Governor Berkeley for permission to take the land Bacon is allowed to take the land without protection from the Indians o Attacked Indian settlements o Burned plantations owned by the aristocrats No indentured servants = African slaves (white servants might rebel again!) White people have an increased social status Massachusetts Bay (1630) Very popular place, sort of like LA, where everything happens (minus the celebrities) Puritans = very intolerant Roger Williams o Puritan minister Separation of church and state o Religious behavior should not be controlled by the government Government shouldn’t just take Indian land Negotiate with them Buy the land Perhaps, sign a treaty o BANISHED!!!! Anne Hutchinson o Very outspoken Puritan leader o Weekly prayer meetings o Women are not allowed to be Puritan Leaders o Antinomianism: my actions won’t change anything if I’m destined to go to Heaven (or Hell) o BANISHED!!! Rhode Island (1635) Established by Roger Williams after he is kicked out of Massachusetts Williams also establishes the first Baptist Church (1636) Anna Hutchinson is also banished and moves to Rhode Island Most religious tolerant colony Carolina Rice = new cash crop o Exotic food to New England o Becomes chief export because of African slaves o West Africa: original place where rice was cultivated Carolina = richest colony $$$ o Receives a lot of slaves in order to create rice fields o Black majority by 1710 Pennsylvania William Penn o Established Pennsylvania by getting a land grant Third richest person in the colonies o First Advertiser Free, large land for any race of any religious background Pennsylvania = diversity Quakers o Radical Christians Oaths = sin Refused to recognize established churches Never took oaths to citizenship Slavery = BAD Manhattan Center of economic operations More democratic Diverse races and religious backgrounds Dutch East India Company Most powerful corporation in the world Lucrative holdings of land in the east Constantly competing with the Caribbean sugar islands Purchased Manhattan o Dutch aristocrats o Land was not as lucrative Small island + small population ≠ $$$
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