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PSYC 2740 week 3

by: Mary Kay

PSYC 2740 week 3 2740

Mary Kay
GPA 4.0

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PSYC 2740 Social Psychology week 3 notes
Social Psychology
Garrido, Edward
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Kay on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2740 at University of Denver taught by Garrido, Edward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Denver.

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Date Created: 10/01/16
PSYC 2740 week 3 Self Awareness Theory Fluctuating Image(s) of Self • Phenomenal self (Working self­concept) ◦ Image of self that are currently active • Different situations call up different parts of self­knowledge into the phenomenal self ◦ Heightened awareness of aspects of yourself are associated with differences in the group  around you.  Why people Seek Self­Knowledge • Thirst for self­knowledge ◦ Evolutionary origins • Appraisal motive ◦ Looking for the truth about oneself • Self­enhancement motive ◦ Looking for flattering aspects of oneself • consistency motive ◦ Looking for confirmation about current beliefs about oneself.  When Motives Compete • Appraisal motive ◦ Weakest motive • Self­enhancement motive ◦ Strongest motive • Consistency motive ◦ Second preference Self­knowledge and the Duplex Mind • Automatics egotism: response by automatic system ◦ Everything good is me; everything bad is not me.  • Modesty: Conscious override of automatic egotism ◦ Overcome impulse to offer a more humble account.  Self and information Processing • Anything that touches the self... ◦ More important than things that do not touch it • Self­reference effect ◦ Information relating to self is processed more deeply and remembered better. • Endowment effect ◦ Items gain in value to person who owns them.   Can the self­Concept Change? • Identity slowly changes over time ◦ Children add new knowledge and skills ◦ Adults take up new hobbies or break bad habit ◦ Our body changes throughout our life • Revising self­knowledge ◦ Change how you think • Changing the looking glass ◦ What goes on inside the person is mainly there to serve interpersonal processes • Promoting change ◦ Best to enlist support • New self, new story ◦ People tend to revise their stories once the self­concept has changed.  Self­esteem • How favorably someone evaluates himself or herself ◦ High Self­esteem: competent , likable, attractive, and moral good.  ◦ Low self­esteem: incompetent , ugly, unlikable, and morally wicked.  Reality and illusion • “Positive illusions” of moral people ◦ Overestimating good qualities ◦ Overestimating one's How People fool themselves • People use self­deception strategies to maintain a positive outlook ◦ Using self­serving bias  ◦ Being more skeptical of bad feedback ◦ Remembering good things more ◦ Making comparisons with those slightly worse.  Tradeoffs: Self ­ Handicapping • Self­handicapping: drinking or doing some other activity that will inhibit performance ◦ Failure can be blamed on the obstacle Example: Drunk purple do not perform as well as sober ones.  ◦ Success assumes higher competence Extra credit for success Benefits of Self­Esteem • High Self­esteem often amounts to nothing more than a false belief that one is superior ◦ Students with big self­esteem do have slightly higher grades, but high self­esteem does  not lead to good grades.  • Two main benefits of high self­esteem ◦ Having imitative and feeling good.  Is high self­esteem always good? • Negative aspects of high self­esteem  ◦ Narcissism: Excessive self­love and a selfish orientation Not the same as high self­esteem, but related ◦ Higher prejudices  ◦ Poorer relationship partners ◦ Antisocial actions ◦ Persistence in the face of failure.  Pursuing Self­Esteem • Harmful consequences of pursuing self­esteem ◦ Taking the easy rode to ensure success ◦ Needing to meeting expectations of others ◦ Weakening individual intrinsic motivation ◦ Impairing learning ◦ Damaging relationships ◦ Potentially harmful to health.  Self­Presentation • Behaviors that convey an image to others • Include a wide range of actions ◦ Explicit statements about the self (I forgive but I don’t forget) ◦ How you dress or what car you drive.  ◦ Trying to hide your fear or anger so there think you are cool.  Who’s Looking? Motivation behind • Focus on self­esteem ◦ Behavior remains the same when someone else is watching • Focus on what others think ◦ Behavior changes when someone else is watching.  Making an impression • Claiming identity ◦ People Aspire to many identities Claims require social validation ◦ People use self­presentation to advance their claims to identity ◦ People will change their behavior to claim an identity.  • Tradeoff: Favorability versus plausibility ◦ People present themselves in the best possible light Within plausible range • What about modesty? ◦ More natural and common among friends Helps people get along better ◦ Many be the default or automatic response Friends are familiar with faults and failures.  Self­Presentation and Risky Behavior • Self­presentation is very important ◦ Something people risk illness, injury, or even death in order to make a good impression ◦ Self­presentation can be stronger than self­preservation Another sign that the human psyche is designed to gain and keep a place in a social  group. 


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