PSYC 2740 week 3
PSYC 2740 week 3 2740
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Kay on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2740 at University of Denver taught by Garrido, Edward in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Denver.
Reviews for PSYC 2740 week 3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/01/16
PSYC 2740 week 3 Self Awareness Theory Fluctuating Image(s) of Self • Phenomenal self (Working selfconcept) ◦ Image of self that are currently active • Different situations call up different parts of selfknowledge into the phenomenal self ◦ Heightened awareness of aspects of yourself are associated with differences in the group around you. Why people Seek SelfKnowledge • Thirst for selfknowledge ◦ Evolutionary origins • Appraisal motive ◦ Looking for the truth about oneself • Selfenhancement motive ◦ Looking for flattering aspects of oneself • consistency motive ◦ Looking for confirmation about current beliefs about oneself. When Motives Compete • Appraisal motive ◦ Weakest motive • Selfenhancement motive ◦ Strongest motive • Consistency motive ◦ Second preference Selfknowledge and the Duplex Mind • Automatics egotism: response by automatic system ◦ Everything good is me; everything bad is not me. • Modesty: Conscious override of automatic egotism ◦ Overcome impulse to offer a more humble account. Self and information Processing • Anything that touches the self... ◦ More important than things that do not touch it • Selfreference effect ◦ Information relating to self is processed more deeply and remembered better. • Endowment effect ◦ Items gain in value to person who owns them. Can the selfConcept Change? • Identity slowly changes over time ◦ Children add new knowledge and skills ◦ Adults take up new hobbies or break bad habit ◦ Our body changes throughout our life • Revising selfknowledge ◦ Change how you think • Changing the looking glass ◦ What goes on inside the person is mainly there to serve interpersonal processes • Promoting change ◦ Best to enlist support • New self, new story ◦ People tend to revise their stories once the selfconcept has changed. Selfesteem • How favorably someone evaluates himself or herself ◦ High Selfesteem: competent , likable, attractive, and moral good. ◦ Low selfesteem: incompetent , ugly, unlikable, and morally wicked. Reality and illusion • “Positive illusions” of moral people ◦ Overestimating good qualities ◦ Overestimating one's How People fool themselves • People use selfdeception strategies to maintain a positive outlook ◦ Using selfserving bias ◦ Being more skeptical of bad feedback ◦ Remembering good things more ◦ Making comparisons with those slightly worse. Tradeoffs: Self Handicapping • Selfhandicapping: drinking or doing some other activity that will inhibit performance ◦ Failure can be blamed on the obstacle Example: Drunk purple do not perform as well as sober ones. ◦ Success assumes higher competence Extra credit for success Benefits of SelfEsteem • High Selfesteem often amounts to nothing more than a false belief that one is superior ◦ Students with big selfesteem do have slightly higher grades, but high selfesteem does not lead to good grades. • Two main benefits of high selfesteem ◦ Having imitative and feeling good. Is high selfesteem always good? • Negative aspects of high selfesteem ◦ Narcissism: Excessive selflove and a selfish orientation Not the same as high selfesteem, but related ◦ Higher prejudices ◦ Poorer relationship partners ◦ Antisocial actions ◦ Persistence in the face of failure. Pursuing SelfEsteem • Harmful consequences of pursuing selfesteem ◦ Taking the easy rode to ensure success ◦ Needing to meeting expectations of others ◦ Weakening individual intrinsic motivation ◦ Impairing learning ◦ Damaging relationships ◦ Potentially harmful to health. SelfPresentation • Behaviors that convey an image to others • Include a wide range of actions ◦ Explicit statements about the self (I forgive but I don’t forget) ◦ How you dress or what car you drive. ◦ Trying to hide your fear or anger so there think you are cool. Who’s Looking? Motivation behind • Focus on selfesteem ◦ Behavior remains the same when someone else is watching • Focus on what others think ◦ Behavior changes when someone else is watching. Making an impression • Claiming identity ◦ People Aspire to many identities Claims require social validation ◦ People use selfpresentation to advance their claims to identity ◦ People will change their behavior to claim an identity. • Tradeoff: Favorability versus plausibility ◦ People present themselves in the best possible light Within plausible range • What about modesty? ◦ More natural and common among friends Helps people get along better ◦ Many be the default or automatic response Friends are familiar with faults and failures. SelfPresentation and Risky Behavior • Selfpresentation is very important ◦ Something people risk illness, injury, or even death in order to make a good impression ◦ Selfpresentation can be stronger than selfpreservation Another sign that the human psyche is designed to gain and keep a place in a social group.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'