PY 101, Memory Distortion
PY 101, Memory Distortion Psychology 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Tomlinson on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Rachel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
9/21-9/23 Memory Distortion When does memory fail? Schacter identified to recall what he calls the 7 sins of memory People reconstruct events to be consistent Memory bias: people tend to recall their past beliefs and past attitudes as being consistent with their current ones Flash Bulb Memory Vivid recollection of big/catastrophic event -9/11 -Tornadoes Von Restorff effect Things that are more dramatic will trigger amygdala and hippocampus Not always accurate Source misattribution: memory distortion that occurs when people misremember the time, place, person, or circumstance involved with memory False fame effect: hear a name and you know you’ve heard it before, so you assume it’s a famous person Sleeper effect: hear information for first time and don’t believe it. As you hear it more and more from different sources, you get more persuaded it’s true Types of Memory “Amnesia” Source amnesia: when you don’t remember how/when you find out information ( -Ex. of young age: Your personality when you were 3. Parents tell you) -Ex. of adult: being drunk and not remembering -Ex. of old person: Alzheimer’s makes brain less active and myelin sheath deteriorates Cryptomnesia: we read something and later we misremember it as our own idea (not on purpose) -Ex.: plagiarism Eyewitness Testimony Most cases of wrongful conviction are a result of incorrect eyewitness testimony -Accurate vs. inaccurate Life/death situation People have a difficult time recognizing faces -In-group vs. out-group People remember better if the person is the same race as them If weapon is involved more attention is given to the weapon than the face of the person. Confidence does not make someone an accurate eye-witness.