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Baltimore during the Civil War

by: Ashley

Baltimore during the Civil War Hist 382

Marketplace > University of Baltimore > History > Hist 382 > Baltimore during the Civil War
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About this Document

Our lecture covered Baltimore during the civil war. We read exerts from Frederick Douglass during his time in Baltimore as well as examined other primary documents to determine the sentiment of the...
History of Baltimore
Dr. Elizabeth Nix
Class Notes
Baltimore, history, civil, War, Confederate, Union, North, South, Abolition, slavery, free, Blacks
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 382 at University of Baltimore taught by Dr. Elizabeth Nix in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see History of Baltimore in History at University of Baltimore.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
Ashley Jenkins September 26, 2016 History of Baltimore Week 5 Lecture Notes. Baltimore During the Civil War. Readings: Joseph Arnold, Chapter 6 Part I: Excerpt from Frederick Douglass’ Autobiography. Class is reading the document aloud... in turn. Jfc.  First page talks about the opportunity from moving to Baltimore. o Free blacks living in Baltimore City to intermingle with. o Manifestation of the providence and marked his life in favor.  Area had given him a whole new look on life, a new beginning. Something to be thankful for. o Says that he was one of many children chosen from the plantation (speculation about his parentage, possibly a child of the ‘master’) o Saying any kid that was left behind could have been successful as he was, they had just as much potential, yet it was him. o Everyone had that potential, why deny them that  Baltimore would be the beginning of his understanding of emancipation.  The family he went to live with, The Auld’s, and became a house slave.  Mrs. Auld started teaching him to read and when Mr. Auld found out he forbade his wife to continue. o Did not want Frederick to be educated, he would get ideas and would never be valuable as a slave again.  He was inspired by the words of his master to learn. o Determined to read and learn because it was forbidden due. o The amount of anger that his master had showed him the importance learning and what it meant for him.  ‘mistress by teaching me the alphabet, had given me the inch, and no precaution could prevent me from talking the ell’  Races co-mingled with no trouble in Baltimore. o White children interacted with him and ‘taught’ him to read in exchange for bread. o Reading all of the same things that other great writers and thinkers were, the Columbian Orator, the Bible, classics.  Slavery in Baltimore: you wanted to make sure everyone knew you were great to your slaves. o You didn’t want to get a reputation. o Most were well fed and clothed. o Said it wasn’t that way for everyone,  Gave an account of two women who lived across the street from him. o Still better than a plantation.  Enslaved people were living off site. o Sometimes with free black people. o Saved money, didn’t have to feed them. o Gave a false sense of freedom.  Goes back to the Eastern shore o Problematic enslaved person, send him to a slave breaker.  To break down his spirit and his body. o Defeats the slave break, with a magic root?? o Came back to Baltimore a more mature man. (20)  Started working on ship building. o Was at the beckon call for like 75 men.  No jobs designated by race in Baltimore at the time. o Worked side by side.  Being in Baltimore, every instance that he got closer and closer to freedom it made him more determined to become free.  Had to give his wages over to his master every week, not because he had any hand in Fredericks earnings, but because he was compelled to do so. 1850’s  Now we have the tigers  Tigers came out of the American Party, Know Nothing Party, kind of like a small gang of there’s  Out of 336 gang members 36% had a government job, most in the police department. o Against immigrants, for the Union.  Police interaction with riots on the docks o Didn’t show up to the riot o Tigers are trying to take over the shipyard.  Panic of 1857 – could trigger a depression or recession o Contributing factor to these riots. o Less job, less money, poor whites were more eager to cash in on racial status to kick the blacks out of jobs.  Whites couldn’t do the job as well, so employers favored skilled blacks. o Job paid really well.  Once no one has a job, and if you have the political muscle behind you why not try to out an entire people group. Part II: Baltimore During the Civil War (corresponding power point)  Federal troops occupied Baltimore, cannon facing into the city from federal hill o Disrupt union supply lines. o Confederate sympathizers. o Many wanted neutrality, because both options were not favorable to them.  Easy to forget that Baltimore has ties to early abolitionists. o William Lloyd Garrision, resident of Baltimore.  Railroad tracks cause a lot of problems when federal troops try to march through Baltimore.  George Brown and Phillip Thomas, founders of B&O o Appropriated by federal government as supply line. o Made a boat load of cash off the Civil War.  Mount Claire Station o Round house.  Other train stations around, Baltimore & Susquehanna Railroad, Baltimore & Port Deposit.  Because the lines don’t’ intersect the troops have to get off one train and walk to another. o Soldiers got attacked by a mob. o Confederate sympathizers who lived in Baltimore. th  Soldiers killed, April 19 1861 Pratt Street. o First bloodshed of the civil war.  Mayor George Brown: viewed the ‘invasion’ of federal troops, people could not be restrained.  If Maryland had left the union, ports would’ve been close blockaded, lots of economic loss.  Lots of anti-Lincoln folks. Only 10% of the voters in Baltimore even voted.  Arnold argues that there are pockets of extremes and the vast majority are indifferent  Mayor said that he wasn’t responsible for the actions of the people. o Yet the Maryland guard was sent out to burn the bridges. o Baltimore sun did not report who told the to do it. o Burned 3 bridges that were main tracks in and out of the city. o Trying to prevent more union soldiers.  Cut off supply lines to DC. o Federal government throws the Mayor in jail.  Fort McHenry became central location for federal government  Fort Carroll- built in 1848 artificial island supervised by Robert E. lee.  Lafayette square, over on the west side. o Camp Hoffman, federal troops chilled here.  Camp Carroll at Mt. Clare o Another encampment of the union soldiers, o Right next to the rail road lines.  Patterson park  Federal hill o Vantage point to view things that happened in and around Baltimore.  Lasting effect for enslaved Baltimoreans o Free blacks were employed during the war time. o Building and repairing ships.  George Peabody uses 2.1 million dollars of his own fortune to establish Americas first formal education fund. o Went up and down the east coast to set up schools to educate free blacks.  John’s Hopkins o left his entire fortune to the city to build many institutions such as Johns Hopkins Hospital. o Quaker, his family freed their slave’s years earlier. o Came to Baltimore to become a merchant.  Walters family o Left Baltimore for France, collected art, opened museum. o Very pro confederate.  1860 the city of Baltimore buys Druid Hill park o Became where a lot of elite people moves  Civil war helped a lot of people financially o Changed the way the physically looked o Many people moved around and out of the city. Part III: Examination of primary documents. Discussion about the documents, each section of the class read different documents.


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