Week 1: Bronze Age Greece
Week 1: Bronze Age Greece Hist 2050
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor O'Toole on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 2050 at University of Toledo taught by Caitlin Ryan Jewell in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Ancient Greece in History at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
Week 1: Bronze Age Greece Greece Physical environment impacted social, material, and political development Settled on Aegean Sea; black sea Access to the sea was crucial Mountain ranges from the northwest to southeast peninsula Natural segregation Sea travel a must Mediterranean climate To rainy during winter for travel Crops and livestock About 20% of land was arable Barley, olives, wine, and grapes greece was known for Few areas fortunate enough to have room for crops or grazing animals The near east Fertile crescent was a vital formative element for Greece Contact with advance civilizations Could go anyway Spread of culture, knowledge, ideas, etc. Huge debt to the near east Legends to history Before 1873, many pieces of mediterranean history were believed to be legendary Includes Homer’s epics, Mycenae, and Crete The schliemanns Heinrich was obsessed with the Iliad Married Sophia (also obsessed) Sought out Troy in 1873 Instead found Turkey Next they found Mycenae in 1876, the Greek city “rich in gold” Smuggled the gold out of Turkey illegally Sir Arthur Evans Sought out another lost land of Homer’s “Knossos and the Crete of a hundred towns” Unknown in 1900 Named after king Minos The Minoans Hunters and gatherers Hub of life Crete Minoan civilization was housed here Well placed between three civilization/trade contacts 3,400 square miles Settled about 7000 BCE Minoan civilization Kept record using Linear A No one knows how to read this yet prosperous / surprisingly stable Relatively peaceful people Lack of walls, weapons, or scenes of war Naval culture More interested in trade than war Redistributive economy Funnel goods through the palaces Storage, stockpile, central administration Had roads, lighting, sanitation, ventilation Relative equality amongst sexes Female deities, priestesses, queens Devotion to religion and ritual Bulls are worshiped Anemospilia Found four people dead One was a sacrifice No other proof of a dark side to the minoans Mycenaean civilization Scattered across the Greek mainland Number of mini states Prone to infighting First Greek speakers Lifespan of between 400500 years Peak 1300 BCE Fall 1200 BCE Huge influenced by the minoans Took over Crete after minoans Periods and setting for countless myths and legends (Homer’s epics) Much more of a warrior civilization than the minoans In line with the Greeks of Homer Hierarchical Society Wanax “King” Lawagetas “Second in Command” Linear B Palace economy Homer’s Greeks Mycenaeans are Homer’s Greeks Various kingdoms brought together in the fight If trojan war occurred, would have been around 1250 BCE Greeks believed the stories to be true Became a key part of Greek identity