New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Historical and Contemporary Views

by: Jess

Historical and Contemporary Views PSYC 3014

Virginia Tech

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the second half of week 2 notes
Abnormal Psychology
Dr. John Richey
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Abnormal Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Similar to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Tech


Reviews for Historical and Contemporary Views


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/01/16
Historical and Contemporary Views The rise of clinical science is nonlinear A slow convergence on a verifiable set of facts A search for causes:  Supernatural explanations  Early theorizing  Earliest explanation o Focused on establishing causal relations between psychopathology and the natural world  Demonic possession o Cause of illness: body is temporarily occupied by an evil spirit o Treatment: the evil must be ‘cast out’ of the inhabited soul  Exorcism o Most religions have some form of exorcism  Trepanation o Cutting holes in the skull to allow the Demon to escape Hippocrates:  460 BCE- 370BCE  Balance of bodily humors was the source of illness (including mental illness) o Black bile o Yellow bile o Blood o Phlegm  Shifted the hypothesized “cause” of psychopathology from the natural world to the individual Plato:  424 BCE- 348BCE  Individual difference o Intra-individual variation in personality, risk, etc. o “No two persons are born exactly alike; but each differs from the other in natural endowments” Chinese philosophy also emphasized the importance of balance of competing internal forces in mental disorders Avicenna (Ibn Sina)  980-1037  Islamic philosopher and physician  “The Canon of Medicine”  Early and accurate descriptions of schizophrenia, depression, mania  7 rules for judging the effectiveness of medications o “The drug must be tested on two contrary conditions. If it is effective on both, we cannot judge which condition benefited directly from the drug.” Robert Burton o 1621 o “The Anatomy of Melancholy” Phrenology o A theory of individual differences o Personality variation is attributed to the size of particular brain regions Asylums o Essentially prisons o Patients often physically restrained Institutionalization Was the primary ‘treatment’ for most psychiatric disorders o Depression o Bipolar disorder o Schizophrenia Eugenics: -Practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population -By sterilizing the mentally ill Reform Phillippe Pinel (1745- 1826) st o 1 psychiatrist to “unshackle” patients Dorothea Dix (1802- 1887) o Staunch critic of cruel/neglectful practices toward the mentally ill o Founded over 30 hospitals for the treatment of mental illness Reformation of Clinical Practice “Mental Hygiene” Movement Early Classification o 1952  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)  All disorders thought to be a product of environment  Described most disorders as “reactions” o Example: “Schizophrenic Reaction”  1968  DSM-II  1980  DSM-III  Major difference in what came before it  Marks the beginning of a “modern” approach to classification  Was a radical departure from previous versions o Atheoretical  Purely descriptions o No assumption of etiology  No claims of what caused the disorder


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.