Diagnostics and Assessments
Diagnostics and Assessments PSYC 3014
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Reviews for Diagnostics and Assessments
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/01/16
Diagnostics Personality Assessment Thematic Apperception Test (T.A.T.) Ambiguous Scene presented Your interpretation reveals: o Underlying motives o Worries o Morals o Needs Reliability and Validity Reliability: the extent to which a test yields a consistent result o Expressed as a number between 0.0 and 1.0 o Correlates (positively) with the number of measurements Validity: extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure Example: bathroom scale A test cannot be valid with being reliable Construct: borrowed from philosophy o All psychological disorders are constructs o A concept that is: Hypothetical Idealized Unobservable (aka latent) Operationalization: an observable feature of a latent construct o Example: aggression o To ‘operationalize’ something is to make it observable o Example: your test on Thursday Criterion: an observable phenomenon o Indisputable Convergent Validity: do multiple measures of the same construct yield similar results? Discriminant Validity: Does a single measure yield different results for different constructs? DSM-IV th Diagnostic and Statistical Manual- 4 Edition o “text revision” (TR) o Published in 2000 Multiaxial Classification o DSM conceptualizes a patient along 5 “axes” o Each axis describes a feature of the patient’s functioning Axis I Acute disorders Examples: OCD, depression Axis II Chronic (personality disorders) Examples: histrionic personality disorder, borderline personality disorder Axis V GAF (Global Assessment of Functioning) A number ranging from 0-100 N.O.S. o Not otherwise specified DSM- 5 Current edition Published 2013 Abandoned multiaxial system o Contributed nothing to improvement of functional outcomes and accuracy New: clinician severity ratings (CSR) o 0-8 o 8 is the most severe o 4-8 represents that the disorder is present o 0-3 the disorder is absent Is the DSM nomothetic? Or Idiographic? o It is both Comorbidity o When 2 (or more) disorders exist in the same person Structured Clinical Interview o Highly scripted interview administered by a trained clinician o S.C.I.D. Structured clinical interview for DSM-V (almost) all DSM-V disorders o A.D.I.S. Anxiety-specific Differential Diagnosis o Systematic Rule-Outs (r/o) Principal Diagnosis o (Not “Primary” diagnosis) o The patients’ “main” diagnosis Assessment From your book: Classical conditioning and operant conditioning (pg. 75-76) Clinical Assessment Collection of data about a case Uses many types of instruments o IQ test o Diagnostic interviews o Personality tests Assessment vs. Testing- o Testing: administering a scale that results in a description of that person based on nomothetic data This description is usually in the form of a “score” All tests are assessments, but not all assessments are tests Structured Clinical Interview Self-Report Personality Assessment Starke Hathaway (1903-1984) MMPI-2 o Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory o 567 true/false statements o Can tell if you are lying o TRIN scale: true response inconsistency 23 paired questions that are opposite of each other o VRIN scale: Variable response inconsistency Measures “randomness” o L scale: detects lies Unwillingness to admit even minor shortcomings o F scale: can detect “faking food” and “faking bad” 60 items o Will mathematically “adjust” the clinical scales to account for HOW MUCH you lied Projective Tests Hermann Rorschach o 10 official ink blots
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'