Fear and Stress Anxiety Disorders
Fear and Stress Anxiety Disorders PSYC 3014
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jess on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3014 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. John Richey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
Fear and Stress Anxiety Disorders Fear vs. Anxiety Fear: subjective experience of threat o In response to environmental stressor Anxiety: apprehensive expectation o No threat The empirically validated treatment (EVT) for anxiety is EXPOSURE WITH RESPONSE PRVENTION SUDS: subjective units of distress (0-100) Habituation curve- waiting for stress to relief and decrease down curve We are biologically hard-wired to fear certain things o We are biologically prepared to experience fear All anxiety disorders have a shared feature and a unique feature o Shared feature: “physiological hyperarousal” PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Criterion A- “Event” o Pt has experienced, witnessed or been confronted with event(s) involving actual or threatened death o Can be direct or indirect Criterion B- “Intrusion Symptoms” o Recurrent/intrusive memories o Recurrent distressing dreams o Dissociative reaction (“flashbacks”) o Physiological hyperarousal during exposure to cues resembling event Criterion C- “Avoidance” o Efforts to avoid thoughts/conversations about events o Efforts to avoid people/activities o This can prolong the disorder Criterion D- “Alteration of thoughts and mood” o Inability to recall key features of the event o Feeling alienated from others o Constricted affect (cannot express positive emotions) Criterion E- “Arousal and Reactivity” o Irritable/aggressive behavior o Self-destructive/reckless behavior o Exaggerated startle response PTSD may be the only truly “classically conditioned” disorder o Presence of a stressor is paired with the cues that precede it UCS becomes CS+
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