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Weekly notes

by: Ariel Kamen

Weekly notes

Marketplace > Towson University > > Weekly notes
Ariel Kamen

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About this Document

These are the notes that we covered over the few classes.
Deviance and organizations
Dr. Elyshia Aseltine
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Towson University taught by Dr. Elyshia Aseltine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
8/30/16 Deviance and Organizations • In our society we focus more on street crime rather than “suite” crime Suite crime: imagined to be less harmful because they are not as direct as street crimes;  committed by elites Street crime: murder, rape, robbery, drug dealing Organizations Definition of organizations: a collection of jobs or social positions each with its own skills, power, rules and rewards *organizations will prevail even if certain positions are not fulfilled  • organizations do not think or act on their own, but they can't be reduced to people • people are replaceable —> loss of people doesn't disrupt the organization • organizations influence the way people behave Purposive­rational model —> orgs take an ultimate goal and break it down into subgoals (and  sub subgoals…) then assign a specific unit/department within the organizational hierarchy to  achieve those goals, then suitable members are recruited to fill these positions *3 main concepts are goals, hierarchy and members The Basics: 1. Goals Are clear, agreed upon, linked with the hierarchy of the organizations and the members  responsibilities  Complications of goals: —> conflicting goals —> window dressing: example of this is McDonald’s  —> goals that are moving targets —> seeking goals after the fact 2. Hierarchy —> “sacred order” • ranking of skills, power, rules and rewards (punishment) • mythology —> leaders are exceptional —> CEOs —> compensation —> leaders are  respected 4 Specific Powers of Organization Elites 1.   expulsion —> terminate your employment  2.   career power —> influence the trajectory of your career 3.   resource power —> limit to access of things you need to do your job 4.   informal power —> more of less tolerance of people breaking rules 5.   surveillance —> watching from above; supervisors compel employees to follow the  supervisors will 6.   sousveillance —> watching from below employees strategies to discipline their superiors —  control information, technical expertise, work flow Membership • membership is conditional  —> ensure conformity  1. money 2. force —> military 3. attractive goals 4. collegiality —> like the people you work with (duty to others: camaraderie) 9/6/16 Three Ways Organizations Encourage Deviance 1.   Limited information and responsibility  2.   Elites indirectly cause it through norms, rewards and punishments 3.   Elites directly ordering deviance Punishment Can be directed at individuals or at the company itself          individuals: rare —> very rare for leadership —> pass blame down the hierarchy company: “death penalty” rare —> formal admittance of wrongdoing — rare —> most common punishments are financial  **often times the settlements are tax deductible; any fines from the court are not tax deductible  9/13/16  yellow journalism: sensationalizing the news Power 3 Facts ­the capacity of an individual (or group) to: 1.   to realize their wishes/desires 2.   define/modify the conduct of others in a manner in which those with power desire 3.   prevent their own conduct from any defined/modified by others in a manner in a which those with power do not desire  1st four epoch —> government and corporate (business/economic)    5th —> contemporary epoch = political, economic, military Who are the power elites? ­share power in concrete institutional relationships ­similar backgrounds, origins, careers and lifestyles ­shared psychological and social affinities ­wealth is a resource that is very useful in exercising power (contraction of wealth) *most of the wealth is from the stocks 9/27/16                                            Corporations Definition: business entity that is given many but not all of the same rights as an actual (natural)  person can sue and become sued • taxed/regulated as a single entity enter into contracts • make political contributions (freedom of speech) • cannot exercise the right against self­incrimination • the ability to issue stocks —> governed by share holders Pros • jobs • source of tax revenue • charities • produce stuff we like • pioneers of new research Cons • vulnerable to the whims of large corps • maximization ration of profit  • minimization of human well­being *The oldest corporation was developed in 1600, it was East India companies —> slavery  Scapegoating: blaming a person/group for happenings that aren't their fault Claims­making: an attempt to persuasively define a situation in a particular way to have that  definition become widely accepted (normative) and to call for action aimed at addressing the  situation Legitimation exercises: acts designed to promote a belief in the legality or acceptability of  enacted rules/practices and/or the right of those elevated to authority to issue commands/be  obeyed (we should listen to them because of their authority Master status: the primary identifying characteristics of an individual 


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