CC301 Intro to Ancient Greece, Week 6
CC301 Intro to Ancient Greece, Week 6 CC 301
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by C. Johnson on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CC 301 at University of Texas at Austin taught by Stephanie Craven in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ancient Greece in History at University of Texas at Austin.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
9/26/16 - Meet the Polis Monday, September 26, 2016 10:02 AM I. Polis a. Plural = poleis b. Development c. Institutions i. Laws ii. Government iii. Economics II. Development III. How do you make a polis? a. Colonies - from metropolis i. Mother city ii. Religious 1) Oracle of delphi iii. Sunoikism/ synoecism 1) Sun = with 2) Oikismos from oikos = house/home iv. Conquest IV. Parts of a polis a. Acropolis i. High city b. Asty i. Where everything happens ii. Life of the city iii. Agora 1) Prytaneion 2) Bouleterion a) council 3) Theater a) assembly 4) Temples 5) stoas c. Chora i. Countryside ii. Agricultural (possibly harbor too) iii. Hardest to control & maintain V. How do we know there was a change? a. Foundation/abandonment b. Religious practices c. Burial practices VI. Types of Government a. Politeia: Government b. Aristocracy/Oligarchy c. Monarchy/Tyranny d. Democracy VII. Institutions (Asty) a. Laws b. Government c. Economics a. Laws b. Government c. Economics i. Regulate trade ii. Weights & measures VIII. Laws & Lawgivers a. Nomos = law i. Autonomous = self-ruling b. Athens: i. (Theseus) ii. Draco 1) 7th C BCE 2) Emphasis rights of victim's family to pursue vendetta iii. Solon 1) Axones = wooden rollers 2) Property a) Family law b) Status of debtors c) "shaking off" c. Sparta: Lycurgus i. Agoge 1) Training facility for boys (military) IX. "Epigraphic Habit" a. Epigraphy i. "writing on stuff" ii. Study of inscriptions 9/28/16 - Persian Wars I Wednesday, September 28, 2016 9:57 AM The Persian Wars I I. Greek polis redux a. Polis Formation i. How do you make a community? 1) Colonization 2) Sunoikism 3) Conquest 4) Commonreligion a) City cults b) Festivals with feasting 5) Commonlaws a) Lawgiver traditions b) Laws that everybodyacknowledges c) Posting laws in public places 6) Improvements& infrastructure 7) Temple-building II. And in the East… a. Achaimenid Empire (Persians) i. Persian Kings 1) Cyrus the Great (r. 559-530) a) Creosus of Lydia b) "Happiest man" dialogue with Solon i) Don't call yourself happy until you're dead because while you're alive your fortune can change c) 546: Cyrus conquers Lydia d) Cyrus goes back East 2) Cambyses II (r. 530- a) Conquers Egypt 3) Darius I a) Satrapy system i) Feudal b) Administrative reform c) "Darius the Shopkeeper" 4) Xerxes I ii. Ionian Revolt (499-494) 1) Local politics: Aristagoras, tyrant of Miletus 2) Punitive results III. Say chaire to Herodotus! c. 484-425 d. Halicarnassus (Ionia) e. History from istoria ("inquiry") i. Elements 1) Different sources 2) Travel? 3) Juxtaposes competing stories i. Elements 1) Different sources 2) Travel? 3) Juxtaposes competing stories 4) Uses his own reasoning IV. The Battle of Marathon (490) a. Hippias with Persians i. Used to be tyrant of Athens b. Spartans absent c. Athenians & Plataeans d. Pheidippides i. Ran to Sparta (153 mi.) and back ii. Met with the god Pan in Arkadia iii. Marathon to Athens? e. Marathonomachoi i. The people that fought at Marathon 9/30/16 - Persian Wars II Friday, September 30, 2016 9:59 AM Persian Wars II I. Persian Invasion II. Hoplite Warfare a. Hoplon = shield/weapon i. Hoplites = guy who uses a hoplon 1) Helmet: crest, nose guard 2) Shield: 12-16 lbs a) Made of wood;covered in bronze 3) Bronze cuirass 4) Bronze greaves 5) Thrusting spear; 7-8 ft long a) Both top and bottom were metal 6) Short iron sword for thrusting b. Phalanx: formation c. "Men of Bronze" i. Bronze armour ii. Bronze facing on shield III. Herodotus & the Battle of Thermopylae a. The Persian Army i. Multinational ii. Lighter armor, wicker shields 1) More mobile than Greeks; much lighter iii. Heavy use of distance archery iv. Cavalry strikes IV. Naval Battles a. (Artemision) b. Salamis c. Brains: i. Themistocles(Athens) ii. Persians: Artemisia of Helicarnassis V. 2nd Persian War a. 480: Thermopylae(Infantry) b. 480: Sack of Athens c. 480: Battle of Salamis (Navy) d. 479: Battle of Plataea (Infantry) VI. Persian Preparations a. Xerxes I, son of Darius b. Hellespont: PontoonBridge i. Put ships together and built a road over it c. Mount Athos: Canal