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Week 6- Introduction to Sociology

by: Hannah Kissell

Week 6- Introduction to Sociology Soci 110-604

Marketplace > San Juan College > Sociology > Soci 110-604 > Week 6 Introduction to Sociology
Hannah Kissell

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Notes over concepts from MindTap® Sociology Powered by Knewton, Kendall's Sociology in Our Times, 11th Edition, with the question of- The goal of coercive organizations is to help re-socialize peop...
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Hughson
Class Notes
sociology, functional groups, Social Science




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Kissell on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soci 110-604 at San Juan College taught by Dr. Hughson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at San Juan College.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
The goal of coercive organizations is to help re-socialize people through incarceration. In some of these institutions patients may feel an increase in the pressure to conform. In the matter of mental hospitals, do you think this is effective for its patients? The words, coercive organization do not sound to be that great for mental health. It is basically making a person do something with the hopes of helping this particular individual in the long run with socialization in society. To begin discussing if this type of treatment is effective it is important to understand why the patients feel an increased need to conform in the first place. This can be explained by group dynamics. “Muzafer Sherif's experiments in the 1930s dramatically demonstrated that individuals in groups can be significantly influenced by forces that are beyond the awareness of the individuals within the groups” (AAKHUS 2002). It has been proven that there is power in numbers, so in explain conformity it has to be understood that patients could be conforming to the right treatment, conforming to social standards, to what the doctors want them to do, or to what everyone else is doing or telling them to do. “Solomon Asch (1955) demonstrated conformity through an experiment. He was interested in the conditions that led an individual to conform to the majority's judgment. In his experiment, participants viewed two cards. One line was printed on the first card, while three lines of different length were printed on the second card. The participants were asked to report which line on the second card matched the line on the first card. The subject of the experiment was always the last person in the group to report. All of the other participants were secretly given directions to report wrong answers. This was repeated several times. Because the task was so simple, the subject most likely knew that the participants were reporting wrong answers. Yet, three-fourths of the subjects reported at least one conforming answer during the experiment. About one- third of all the responses by all the subjects were conforming. These results created a great deal of interest because the experiment demonstrated that people will conform to a majority. It was less clear, however, why people conformed” (AAKHUS), his study has been used time and time again to explain the forces of groups and conformity simply being easier than standing out with your own private acceptance. With the question of this type of environment being effective for mental hospital patients, I think it has a lot to do with the type of mental health conditions being presented and treated. As humans it is in our biological nature to conform all being derived from a need to survive. There was a study done in Canada about the mental health of people who experience detention or incarceration. The results presented that for the “194 studies that were eligible for inclusion. Most studies were conducted with males and with persons in federal facilities, and focused on mental health, substance use, and social determinant of health outcomes” (Kouyoumdjian, F. G., Schuler, A., Hwang, S. W., & Matheson, F. I. 2015). After analyzing this data the conclusion found that, “Health status data are limited for several outcomes, such as chronic disease, injury and sexual and reproductive health, and for persons in provincial facilities and post-release. Efforts should be made to improve data collection and knowledge dissemination, so that relevant data can be used more effectively to improve health and health care in this population” (Kouyoumdjian). AAKHUS, M. (2002). Group Communication, Dynamics of. In J. R. Schement (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Communication and Information (Vol. 2, pp. 382-386). New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Group Dynamics. (2001). In J. Palmisano (Ed.), World of sociology, Gale. Farmington, MI: Gale Kouyoumdjian, F. G., Schuler, A., Hwang, S. W., & Matheson, F. I. (2015). Research on the health of people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada: a scoping review. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1-8. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1758-6


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