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Español Médico Semana 4

by: Freya Kniaz

Español Médico Semana 4 SPA3050

Marketplace > Wayne State University > Spanish > SPA3050 > Espa ol M dico Semana 4
Freya Kniaz

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About this Document

These notes cover the vocabulary and grammar of Unidad 1b as well as the second chapter of The Latino Patient.
Spanish for the Healthcare Profession
Hernan Garcia
Class Notes
Espanol, Médico, Unidad, 1b, The, latino, Patient
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freya Kniaz on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPA3050 at Wayne State University taught by Hernan Garcia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Spanish for the Healthcare Profession in Spanish at Wayne State University.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
Español Médico 1 Semana Cuatro Unidad IB I. Vocabulario - se puede usar los flashcards en Study Soup II. Principios de Gramática A. Verbos en el Presente 1. Verbos regular conjuga como debajo 2. Algunos verbos en el presente tienen cambios de tallo 3. Algunos verbos son irregulares a) Ver - veo, ves, ve, vemos, ven b) Poner - pongo, pones, pone, ponemos, ponen c) Hacer - hago, haces, hace, hacemos, hacen d) Valer - valgo, vales, vale, valemos, valen e) Caer - caigo, caes, cae, caemos, caen f) Traer - traigo, traes, trae, traemos, traen g) Salir - salgo, sales, sale, salimos, salen h) Tener - tengo, tienes, tiene, tenemos, tienen i) Decir - digo, dices, dice, decimos, dicen j) Seguir - sigo, sigues, sigue, seguimos, siguen k) Elegir - elijo, eliges, elige, elegimos, eligen l) Estar - estoy, estás, está, estamos, están m) Ser - soy, eres, es, somos, son n) Ir - voy, vas, va, vamos, van Español Médico 2 o) Oír - oigo, oyes, oye, oímos, oyen p) Haber - he, has, ha, hemos, han q) Huir - huyo, huyes, huye, huimos, huyen r) Contribuir - contribuyo, contribuyes, contribuye, contribuimos, contribuyen s) Disminuir - disminuyo, disminuyes, disminuye, disminuimos, disminuyen 4. Cuando usar el presente: a) Para expresar acciones en el presente (1) Ella estudia para ser dentista. b) Para expresar un acción habitual (1) Yo me limpio, me examino los pies todos los días. c) Para expresar hechos (1) Los vasos sanguíneos se tapan y se debilitan. d) Para expresar la resulta de una condición, con si (1) Si se toma las medicamentos, mejora. e) Pero, tenga cuidado con “si.” Algunas veces necesita el futuro o el subjuntivo. B. La diferencia entre ser y estar 1. Ser a) ser como una señal igual (como en alemán) (1) La doctora es pediatra. (2) Esta habitación es la que usted busca. b) Para expresar el tiempo (1) Son las tres. 2. Estar a) Para expresar locación b) Ciertos expresiones (1) Estoy contento. (2) Estoy de acuerdo. (3) Estoy de buen/mal humor (4) Estoy de pie/sentado. (5) Estoy de vacaciones/de viaje/de visita. (6) Estoy en contra de…. 3. Se usa estar con condiciones temporales pero ser con aspectos permanentes. a) Ver la página 78 para los diferencias en significado de los adverbios entre ser y estar. 4. Tener puede significar “to be” en algunos expresiones. a) Tener frío o calor. b) Tener hambre, cuidado, miedo, sueño, razón, suerte, éxito, prisa, sed. c) Tener ____ años. 5. Hacer puede significar “to be” también. a) Hacer frío, calor, sol. b) Haver buen/mal tiempo. c) Hace viento. d) Hay es un forma de haber que significa “there is” o “there are” 6. Otras expresiones que significa “to be” en español. a) Llego tarde. b) Después de media hora ice el niño. c) Me alegro. d) Está cantando. III. La nutrición Español Médico 3 A. Si se quiere aumentar la dieta de sus hijos, se necesita aumentar su propia dieta. B. El estudio de la Universidad de Londres. C. La leche materna tiene el sabor de los alimentos que consume la madre. D. Las Preguntas 1. Si me preocupo la nutrición por que es muy importante para mi salud. Si, intento seguir una dieta equilibrada con los alimentos necesarios para la salud. Pero, es difícil por que no tengo mucho tiempo. 2. Si, como el hígado y también la gachas de avena simplemente por que son saludables. Además, evito ciertos comidos como la carne, la leche, y las dulces porque son poco saludables para mí. Como carne, pero menos frecuentemente que los frijoles o otros fuentes de proteínas. No puedo comer la lactosa y la fructosa. 3. Si, intento a comer verduras, frutas, y carnes diferentes cada día para promover la diversidad. Cuando era niño, como verduras pero con menos frecuencia que ahora. IV. Analizar en página 90. A. Duna recuerde que hay una guerra pero ella tiene distancia de las experiencias de la guerra. B. La paciente recuerda muchas detalles de violencia y muerte. C. Ella demuestra su tristeza con un entendimiento de las tristezas. Ella se siente afortunada porque podría haber sido peor. V. Episodio 2A de la telenovela. A. Las personajes van a un club de salsa. B. Laura fuma y toma mucha porque su novio llega de la club. C. Hay una lucha entre su novio Alex y algunos muchachas. Después, Alex toma algunos píldoras. Durante la escena. algunos de los muchachos recibe una herida de bala. D. Carmina habla con un paciente sobre su hipertensión. El toma un té para resolver la problema en conjunción de las recomendaciones de Carmina. VI. El Paciente Latino - Capítulo Dos A. Just because they are latino doesn’t mean they ascribe to all cultural values outlined B. The provider must actually have two perspectives in clear view if the patient-provider encounter is to meet mutual expectations: the Latino patient’s perception of mainstream culture and the provider’s own cultural sensitivity to the value system of the patient. C. Collectivism: latinos prefer the company of others over being alone for personal satisfaction and for self-assurance 1. Life is viewed from the group perspective rather than from the typically mainstream individualistic angle. D. Familism: the latino family is a complex and vital social organization and includes the nuclear and extended family 1. Sentiments of respect, loyalty, and unity; all members must abide by these principles without question 2. The father is the authority figure and the mother takes care of the house and the children E. Personalismo: human quality of being able to relate on a personal level, regardless of social or financial standing 1. Conveys respect among peers and grants admiration or respect to all persons 2. It is the ability to keep one’s humility despite improved financial standing F. Gender Issues 1. Machismo: manliness a) Places man at the center of the Latino social life 2. Marianismo: refers to a woman’s position in the family and at home Español Médico 4 a) Not openly acknowledged outside the home if the husband is present G. Power Distance: deferential treatment toward persons perceived to be in positions of power 1. Obedience on the basis of respect H. Respect: sense of admiration granted because of an intrinsic quality of the individual regardless of social, political, or financial standing 1. Latinos need to perceive respect for in their relationships, and a lack of this perception may be interpreted as an absence of respect. I. Religiosity: profound reverence for God and for other powerful forces they believe exist 1. Virgin Mary, saints, and angels are often invoked and asked to intercede before God when a Latino is asking for help 2. Health and disease may be deemed consequences of God’s approval or disapproval of a person’s behavior J. Simpatía: the ability to develop a harmonious relationship that expresses a warm and caring attitude; people-oriented skills K. Time orientation is not a critical issue for Latinos 1. Used to a more relaxed and less bureaucratic health system L. When dealing with uncomfortable subjects or serious health concerns, Latinos often delay asking direct questions and offer indirect responses to questions. M. Latinos often talk about the problem that others have (alcoholism, drugs, etc.) while adopting a passive role suggesting that the speaker is a mere observer of the situation that others face. N. Personal space and touch are important to Latinos, who communicate through physical contact and appreciate physical closeness.


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