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Español Médico Semana 5

by: Freya Kniaz

Español Médico Semana 5 SPA3050

Marketplace > Wayne State University > Spanish > SPA3050 > Espa ol M dico Semana 5
Freya Kniaz

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About this Document

These notes cover Unidad IB and chapter three of The Latino Patient.
Spanish for the Healthcare Profession
Hernan Garcia
Class Notes
Espanol, Médico, The, latino, Patient
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freya Kniaz on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPA3050 at Wayne State University taught by Hernan Garcia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Spanish for the Healthcare Profession in Spanish at Wayne State University.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
Español Médico 1 Español Médico Semana 5 I. Vocabulario - se puede usar los flashcards en Study Soup II. Unidad 2A A. Algunos herbios y sus usas 1. Ajo (garlic) - hypertension, antibiotic, cough syrup 2. Canela (cinnamon) - antispasmodic, gastric symptoms 3. Cápsulas de víbora de cascabel pura (Mexican rattlesnake powder) - cleansing the blood of toxins/impurities 4. Manzanilla (chamomile) - nausea, colic, anxiety, problems with menstruation, eyewash 5. Orégano (oregano) - expectorant 6. Pasionaria (passion flower) - anxiety, hypertension 7. Salvia (sage) - diabetes, hair loss 8. Tilia/Tilo (lindenflower) - sedative, diabetes, hypertension 9. Tronadora (trumpet flowers) - adult onset diabetes, gastric symptoms, chickenpox 10. Yerbabuena (peppermint) - hypertension, susto 11. Zábila (aloe vera) - external cuts and burns, internally as a purgative or immune stimulant B. adjetivo + -mente = adverbio C. Participio Presente: el verbo con el fin -ando/-iendo 1. Ejemplos: corriendo, cantando, muriendo, cayendo a) Algunos son irregular como en el presente 2. Usas del participio presente a) By itself to express the means by which something is done b) As an adverb in conjunction with verbs of perception, representation, and repetition c) In conjunction with estar to form the present progressive tense D. El presente progresivo 1. Estar + verbo con -ando/-iendo 2. Things that are happening right now, are in progress E. Past Participles: generally have -ado or -do at the end 1. Irregulares a) abrir —> abierto b) cubrir —> cubierto c) decir —> dicho d) descubrir —> descubierto e) escribir —> escrito f) hacer —> hecho g) morir —> muerto h) poner —> puesto i) romper —> roto j) ver —> visto k) volver —> vuelto 2. Usas del participio pasado a) Joins with haber to form the perfect tenses b) Joins with ser to form the passive voice F. El Presente Perfecto: haber + participio 1. haber - he, has, ha, hemos, han G. Por y para Español Médico 2 1. Por a) refers to an exchange b) expressions (por la mañana, por qué, por lo general, por fin) c) indicate duration d) to express motive e) to express “means by” f) to express movement through g) to express favor h) as the equivalent of per in English 2. Para a) to express opinion b) to compare c) to indicate a destination or recipient d) to mean “in order to” e) to refer to a future time f) to refer to an item’s use H. Muy a PECHO 1. Es un mito menos problemas cardiacos que otros grupos étnicos 2. Podría tener colesterol alto o hipertensión sin sufrir síntomas 3. LAD tienen que ser de 50 o más, las LBD, de menos de 100, y los triglicéridos de menos de 150 4. Presión arterial debe ser 120/80, y presta atención en la glucosa en la sangre 5. Las síntomas: gran dolor en el pecho, dificultad para respirar, sudación o náuseas a) Las mujeres pueden sentir sudor frío, mareo o una fatiga repentina al realizar sus actividades cotidianas. b) Llame al 911. Es mejor prevenir que lamentar. 6. Las Preguntas: a) Si, por que es importante a prevenir enfermedades y quedarse saludable. b) See above. c) It is better to be safe than sorry. III. El Paciente Latino - Capítulo 3 A. European conquerors brought their Hippocratic humoral theory of disease to their colonial enclaves on the American continent. 1. In this model, when the four humors are balanced a person is healthy; disease is a manifestation of an imbalance. B. Latinos describe health as a state of well-being. C. Other influences on the Latino Perception of Health 1. Educated latinos generally subscribe to the biomedical model of health while those with less education might take a stance strongly influenced by the religious perspective 2. Country of origin influences health views 3. First generation immigrants are influenced by legal status, reason for immigrating, and level of acculturation 4. Second generation latinos have a home environment that reflects their parents’ country of origin. but become bilingual and bicultural through their school experience. 5. Third generation and beyond latinos are part of mainstream society, they express their pride in their heritage and retain cultural values that do not conflict with the mainstream culture such as food and music. They are not generally proficient in Spanish. Español Médico 3 6. As Latinos spend more time in the United States, they accept more of the biomedical model but familism and respect toward God will continue to strongly influence Latinos’ views on health 7. Although the generally accepted notion is that Latino immigrants come from deprived systems of health care and that their health status upon arrival is in a neglected state, as we’ve seen that is often not the case 8. Health systems in Latino America are paternalistic with aggressive preventive health campaigns a) They are generally run by the government in tandem with privately owned hospitals and outpatient clinics b) All have access to care c) Strongly emphasize healthy lifestyles and have strict norms regarding immunization, pregnancy controls, dental health, and wellness clinics d) Causes of death shifts from infectious disease to chronic, non-communicable diseases e) Remember: Healthy-Migrant effect, epidemiological paradox (Ch.1) D. Latino Definition of the Causes of Illnesses 1. Mal de ojo: some illnesses come from outside the body a) often attributed to person with a strong gaze who looked at the child b) need protection against it 2. Psychologically induced illnesses results from the person having experienced strong emotional states, such as susto or ataque de nervios a) Susto is caused by a frightful experience b) Ataque de nervios may occur as a consequence of a strong emotional event c) Traditionally associated with las mujeres 3. Women and children are seen as weaker than men and are more vulnerable to folk diseases a) Most common are upset stomach (empacho) and fallen fontanelle (mollera caída) b) They often have a biological basis and should therefore be taken seriously E. Latino Health Care Practices 1. Self-care a) They often look for the advice of friends and family b) Leftover medication is used for similar symptoms 2. Religion: making promises, visiting shrines, offering medals and lighting candles, offering prayers, and offering masses 3. Folk medicine evolved into a combination of European humoral theory, indigenous herbal medicines, and the African view of demons and spirits as the instigators of illness a) Curanderos mostly prescribe herb teas and herb baths and perform cleanings, or limpias, by passing a broken egg or a batch of herbs tied in a bunch over the person’s body b) Sobadores are massage therapists who are especially preferred by Latinos of Mexican origin c) Santer@s/Espiritas practice espiritismo and act as spiritual mediums; popular in Brazil, Cuba, and Puerto Rico d) Herbal healers 4. Biomedical care Español Médico 4 a) Five compelling symptoms will prompt most Latinos to seek medical care: bleeding, severe pain, persistent high fever, or the inability to pass stools or urine b) Influenced by financial access, cultural access, educational access, legal access, geographical access c) Latinos use of a biomedical provider does not exclude the use of folk medicine providers or other health care options d) The degree of rapport established during the first interaction largely determines the patient’s satisfaction with the health care provider


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