LS 109 Week 6
LS 109 Week 6 Legalst 109
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Legalst 109 at University of California Berkeley taught by Richard Perry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Aims and Limits of the Criminal Law in Legal Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
September 27, 2016 People v. Cervantes ● Facts ○ Defendant and fellow highland street gang members went to a birthday party thrown by the alley boys gang for one of their members ○ Outside of the house, defendant asked grace to a party and she said no and he called her a ho (keep in mind she was heavily intoxicated) ○ Member of the alley boys came out and told defendant to not “disrespect” his homegirl like that ■ Drew a gun and threatened to “cap ass” ○ Defendant pulled out his own gun and someone got between then leading to defendant saying nobody touch me and shot linares through arm and chest ○ Hector member of the highland street gang was driving away and fired a bunch of shots, killing him ○ Defendant testified that he didn’t mean to shoot linares and when he realized he was in danger, he ran and speed off ○ Defendant was charged for murdering cabrera 2nd degree ● Holding was reversed Parties to a crime ● Common Law ○ Principles in the first degree ○ Principles in the 2nd degree ○ Accessory before the fact ○ Accessory after the fact ■ Didn’t know beforehand but after crime happens, they help person get away ● State laws ○ Accomplices ■ Charged with the offense at hand ○ Accessories after the fact ■ Charged with a separate, lesser offense US vs. Fountain ● Illinois ● 1st federal supermax marion federal prison ● Serving multiple life sentence ● 3 guards had to watch both of 2 prisoners ● 2 prisoners had to be split and put in separate prisons ● Gomez wanted to say that there is insufficient evidence to abetting Silverstein ○ Judge disagreed ■ 1: should of known due to prior record ■ 2: he wouldn’t have taken off inmates handcuff ● Silverstein ○ Leader of Aryan brotherhood September 29, 2016 State v. Robinson ● Robinson brought a friend in his car to the victim’s house in the intent to fuck him up but then when they arrive, they abuse him and robinson leaves and the defendant’s friend shoots him You decide 6.3 ● 2 individuals rob a McDonald's ● As they leave, bellamy sexually assaults a coworker as they leave ● Does mccoy charged him for the sexual assault State v. Newton ● Rodney Newton ○ Accessory after the fact ○ Nephew and his friends drive to the mall and had an interaction with the other gang. Left the mall, went a few ways away and shot into crowd and killed a bystander ○ They went home and told mom and the mom lied and told police a lie ■ Father, didn’t say anything remained silence, and drove the vehicle when they went to police and back home Anderson ● Arrested after driving stolen cadillac ○ When arrested, he reported 2 others who were doing it ○ One of guy, not part of them, actually had a warrant out for his arrest due to murder ● He got convicted of false statement or story but cant be convicted of the crim You Decide 6.5 ● Mom thought her secondhusband for molesting her child by another man ○ The 14 year old went to get another abortion across the state line due to abortion not being legal ○ Mother did this Vicarious Liability ● Employed to hold “superiors” liable for the criminal acts of employees ● Imposes criminal liability on an individual for a criminal act committed by another ● Similar to strict liability ● Holds vehicle owners responsible for tickets ● Corporation is a type of a person Commonwealth v. Penn Valley Resort ● Bartender gave an individual a drink and he kept drinking until he was drunk and then the bartender gave him his keys back and he drove off and died in an accident ● The resort was charged and now California has it as part of their training that you can get sued (the individual) if see an individual staggering drunk to car and doesn’t report it. Commonwealth v. Koczwara ● Conclusion of commonwealth evidence, count 3 of the indictment, charging the sale by defendant to minors personally, was removed from jury’s consideration ● Jury convicted defendant guilty of three counts: 2 of permitting minors to frequent the licensed premises without supervision and count of permitting sales to minor ● Judge sentenced defendant to pay cost of prosecution, $500 fine, and to undergo three months of imprisonment ● Jury take away imprisonment You Decide 6.6 ● 17 year old bought sex tapes twice, once using dad’s id and second time using cash and id wasn’t checked ● Owner is tried even though he was absent ○ Dropped the case Ch. 6 ● Traffic tickets ○ You get a ticket, the car owner has to pay the ticket even if it was obtained by someone else unless you prove you didn’t know or weren’t responsible Discussion Example 1 ● Key Points ○ GSI commit burglaries Chase uses money to buy guns (weapons kepts in kitchen) ○ Chase “stand up for your rights however you have to” ○ Police come to compound eduardo starts shooting at cop at the door ■ Eduardo misses everyone but hit perry across the street ○ Perry treated but given wrong meds he dies ○ What changes (if any) can you bring against Chase? ● Charges ○ Vicarious liability ○ Conspiracy to a murder ○ Natural and probable consequences doctrine ○ Responsive intervening act ● Questions: ○ Chase part of the party? ■ Accomplice ● Causation ○ Weapo ns, radical group (intent) ○ Eduardo
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