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POS 160 Week 8 Notes 18

by: Alexandra Notetaker

POS 160 Week 8 Notes 18 POS160

Alexandra Notetaker
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Global Politics
Dr. Reed M. Wood
Class Notes
pos, 160, political science, global, Politics, study, notes, classnotes, Lecture Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS160 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Reed M. Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Global Politics in Political Science at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
POS 160 PEACEKEEPING  CentralQuestions  Whatispeacekeeping?  Isthere a“legal”justification for armedintervention intoasovereign state?  When/where are peacekeeping missions(POKs)mostlikelydeployed?  How doespeacekeeping work?  Int’lPeacekeeping  Unilateral/Multilateral  US intervention tostabilizeKosovoandprotectcivilians  Regional  African union peacekeepersin Darfur (AMIS)  UN POKs  Mostcommon  UN &GlobalSecurity  UN charter provideslegalbasisfor POKs  UN charteroutlawstheuse ofoffensive force:  Except:  Self-defense  Collective self-defense  Collective security(CH7A41-43)  Peacekeeping andpreventative diplomacy  Neverexplicitlymentionedin UN charter  EvolvedfromColdWarimpasse(SuezCanalCrisis1956)  Fallbetween CH6(mediation/fact-finding) andCH7(Collective Security)  Where doPOKsgo?  UN takeson thecasesnoone elsewilltake  Consistentwith UNcharter mustalsothreaten globalsecurity  Typicalcasesentail:  Large #ofdeaths  Masskilling/genocide  Large #ofcivilian deaths  Large #ofrefugees  High likelihoodof“spillover”  Mission Functions:  Twofunctions:  Peacekeeping:  Attempttoresolve active conflictsandprovide stabilityonce conflictends  Helpreduceviolence,endconflict,or ensure peacebetween 2or morefactions  Peacebuilding:  Long-termeffort topromote stable societies  Demobilize,reintegration,electoralassistance,capacitybuilding,civilsociety promotion,development,etc.  Intendedtopreventfutureconflicts  Whypeace fails?  Actorsresumecombatwhen lack credible guaranteesthat adversarieswillnotcommittopeace  Greatestchallenge:how/when tolaydown weapons  Eachside fearstheother willtakeadvantageofpeace  One side lowersguard,otherside strikes  Lack ofcredibilityperpetuatestheSecurityDilemma  Keystopeace  Durable peacerequires:  Credibilityandbargaining  Meanstoreduce securitydilemma  Factors:  Earlywarning,verification,& monitoring  Establishforumfor negotiations  Promotecommunication  Impose penaltiesfor cheating  PKOshelpestablishpromote factors  Therefore,helpensurepeace post-conflict  POKPeace  Peacekeeping helps:  Overseedisarmament,demobilizationandreintegration (DDR)  Design new institutions  Overseeelections  Promotecivilsociety  Advancing human/women’srights  Limitations  Intervention tostop violence mayconflictwith int’lnorms  State sovereignty  Mutualnon-intervention  Powerpolitics:  Greatpowersare waryofauthorizing UNintervention  Political disputesoften trumpcommitmenttopeace  Deploying peacekeepers  w/gov’tconflictofstate  among membersofUN SecurityCouncil  Between UNSCandstatesthat providestroops/equipment  ColdWarPolitics  Peacekeeping wasrare  USSR&US blackedmostintervention effortsfromallies  1990increasein PKOs  Whynotsendtroops?  Strategicinterests  Intervene when itservespolitical,economic,or militaryinterests(Realism)  Rwanda:few interests; weakintervention  Structure ofUN  Action isslow andrequiresconsensusamong permanentmembersandSecurityCouncil  Normsdisputes  “Responsibility”toprotectv.statesovereignty  Membersreluctanttoestablishnew norms  Funding & Troops  Logisticalissues  Whopays?  Whose troops?  Burden isnotsharedevenly:  Developedstatespaybill  Lessdevelopedstatessendtroops  The UnitedNations  Currentmissionsinvolve 100,000militaryandcivilian personnelfrom107countries  Cost~7.8billion/yr.  TopofUN budget  Membersowe ~1.8billion for PKOs


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