POS 160 Week 8 Notes 18
POS 160 Week 8 Notes 18 POS160
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POS160 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Reed M. Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Global Politics in Political Science at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
POS 160 PEACEKEEPING CentralQuestions Whatispeacekeeping? Isthere a“legal”justification for armedintervention intoasovereign state? When/where are peacekeeping missions(POKs)mostlikelydeployed? How doespeacekeeping work? Int’lPeacekeeping Unilateral/Multilateral US intervention tostabilizeKosovoandprotectcivilians Regional African union peacekeepersin Darfur (AMIS) UN POKs Mostcommon UN &GlobalSecurity UN charter provideslegalbasisfor POKs UN charteroutlawstheuse ofoffensive force: Except: Self-defense Collective self-defense Collective security(CH7A41-43) Peacekeeping andpreventative diplomacy Neverexplicitlymentionedin UN charter EvolvedfromColdWarimpasse(SuezCanalCrisis1956) Fallbetween CH6(mediation/fact-finding) andCH7(Collective Security) Where doPOKsgo? UN takeson thecasesnoone elsewilltake Consistentwith UNcharter mustalsothreaten globalsecurity Typicalcasesentail: Large #ofdeaths Masskilling/genocide Large #ofcivilian deaths Large #ofrefugees High likelihoodof“spillover” Mission Functions: Twofunctions: Peacekeeping: Attempttoresolve active conflictsandprovide stabilityonce conflictends Helpreduceviolence,endconflict,or ensure peacebetween 2or morefactions Peacebuilding: Long-termeffort topromote stable societies Demobilize,reintegration,electoralassistance,capacitybuilding,civilsociety promotion,development,etc. Intendedtopreventfutureconflicts Whypeace fails? Actorsresumecombatwhen lack credible guaranteesthat adversarieswillnotcommittopeace Greatestchallenge:how/when tolaydown weapons Eachside fearstheother willtakeadvantageofpeace One side lowersguard,otherside strikes Lack ofcredibilityperpetuatestheSecurityDilemma Keystopeace Durable peacerequires: Credibilityandbargaining Meanstoreduce securitydilemma Factors: Earlywarning,verification,& monitoring Establishforumfor negotiations Promotecommunication Impose penaltiesfor cheating PKOshelpestablishpromote factors Therefore,helpensurepeace post-conflict POKPeace Peacekeeping helps: Overseedisarmament,demobilizationandreintegration (DDR) Design new institutions Overseeelections Promotecivilsociety Advancing human/women’srights Limitations Intervention tostop violence mayconflictwith int’lnorms State sovereignty Mutualnon-intervention Powerpolitics: Greatpowersare waryofauthorizing UNintervention Political disputesoften trumpcommitmenttopeace Deploying peacekeepers w/gov’tconflictofstate among membersofUN SecurityCouncil Between UNSCandstatesthat providestroops/equipment ColdWarPolitics Peacekeeping wasrare USSR&US blackedmostintervention effortsfromallies 1990increasein PKOs Whynotsendtroops? Strategicinterests Intervene when itservespolitical,economic,or militaryinterests(Realism) Rwanda:few interests; weakintervention Structure ofUN Action isslow andrequiresconsensusamong permanentmembersandSecurityCouncil Normsdisputes “Responsibility”toprotectv.statesovereignty Membersreluctanttoestablishnew norms Funding & Troops Logisticalissues Whopays? Whose troops? Burden isnotsharedevenly: Developedstatespaybill Lessdevelopedstatessendtroops The UnitedNations Currentmissionsinvolve 100,000militaryandcivilian personnelfrom107countries Cost~7.8billion/yr. TopofUN budget Membersowe ~1.8billion for PKOs
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