BIOL 20C Baldo (Week 1 Introduction)
BIOL 20C Baldo (Week 1 Introduction) 20C
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Chen on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 20C at University of California - Santa Cruz taught by Baldo Marinovic in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
Unit 1 -An Introduction, Science Before Darwin Introduction • Evolution is the transformation process of life on Earth. It is also: - Complex relationship between living organisms. - Central theme of biology. - Links all other disciplines. • The Gallup survey shows whether people believe evolution to exist, if so whether species change on their own or through divine guidance. - Organisms existed in the present form in the past: 42% - Evolution exists through natural processes: 19% - Evolution exists through divine guidance: 31% Eidos • Eidos - an early Western belief that species exists in their form past and present, and their forms are eternal and permanent. • Essentialism is very important aspect of Eidos. • Every species are created with a perfect essence and variation meant failure to achieve eidos. • Scala Naturae - the great chain of being (led from essentialism) which has God at the very top. The Breakthrough of Scientific Revolution to theAge of Exploration • Several facts trumps the biblical explains of how, why and when the world came to be and the way it exists. • In the field of astronomy, it’s discovered that we are not the center of the universe. • Geological finds show Earth to be much older than previously through in biblical senses. • Many advances in physics/ math/ chemistry all disagree with biblical accounts. • Important discoveries made by Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, James Hutton, Charles Lyell. • The age of exploration: - Discovery of unique faunas and floras. - Extensive biogeographic development. - New fossils. AHistory of Development of Evolutionary Theory • 1809 - Jean Baptiste Lamarck published early ideas on evolution (first comprehensive theory of organic evolution, viewed evolution as a drive to push animals from single to complex organisms). • 1830 to 1833 - Charles Lyell popularizing the idea that Earth was shaped by slow acting forces still in operation today. • 1859 - Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species. • 1900 to 1918 - The basic principles of inheritance genetics are established.
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