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Week 4 notes pt.1

by: Daesha Reid

Week 4 notes pt.1 COM 2053-002

Daesha Reid
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

These notes cover Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato, and fundamentals of Greek rhetoric and the history of rhetoric in Ancient Greece.
Intro to Communications and Civic Life
Laura L. Winn
Class Notes
Greece, rhetoric, AncientGreece, Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Sophists, Traditional, TraditionalRhetoric
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daesha Reid on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COM 2053-002 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Laura L. Winn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to Communications and Civic Life in Communications at Florida Atlantic University.


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Date Created: 10/01/16
Communication in History: A look at Ancient Greece To begin with, it should be stated that: - History is cultural. It belongs to both the storyteller, and the listeners. Rhetoric was of full fledged importance in Ancient Greece. ● Oratory was the citizen’s primary means of engaging with one another ● People had to argue for themselves in a court of law, there were no lawyers. -**This defense led to the base fundamental rhetoric we know of today.** ● There were no distinctions in fields; science, philosophy, and the arts were all important and intertwined ● Good character was important, especially in trials; helped establish ethos/credibility (a good person in court vs. one with a bad rep.) Rhetoric is “​persuasion b​etween people”- Aristotle Rhetoric is also: ​determining the available means of persuasion to secure a particular judgement or outcome​. Aristotle ● Most closely affiliated with the field of Rhetoric ● Championed the use of logic and reason in philosophy ● valued “balance” in all arenas- life, body, science, spirituality etc., and reasoned, educated, critical balance ● Argued for free exploration of all ideas ● “The Golden Mean” for happiness: vice, Virtue, vice Socrates ● Wrote nothing down, lessons and stories were passed down orally ● I.e. “Socratic Method” ● Did not cater to people in power/ was more of an egalitarian ● Convicted of “corrupting youth” and sentenced to death. Plato ● Was Socrates’ student ● Wrote in dialogue with Socrates (played on a lot of his statements) ● Believed that ideas were an important and motivating force. ● Felt that using language to persuade others was really a means of hiding or altering the truth of a situation. ● Very concerned with “justice” The Sophists​: believed that ​what mattered was not necessarily the validity of a story, but how well the argument was presented or reasoned. -Their ideas are the basic structure of our democratic system. -Had a concern for equality that differed from previous monarch based societies (not those who had power to be the ones to win arguments, but whoever presented the argument best). -Were regarded with suspicion by Plato, who felt that they were advocating manipulation and irresponsible rhetoric (winning over truth). 5 canons of rhetoric​ (based on Aristotle; adapted and expanded upon by Cicero 1954 (Rome)) ● Invention ● Arrangement (the organization of a message) ● Style ● Memory ● Delivery Aristotle’s persuasive appeals: Ethos (credibility) Pathos (emotions/feelings) Logos (logic/reason) These appeals are used across contexts, not just the media. They are also used in interpersonal relationships. **​*In order to be successful at rhetoric, audience and the best means of persuasion must also be taken into account. *​ * Common ground must be established, and enthymemes must be utilized as effectively as possible.


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