ENG 101 Week 6 Notes
ENG 101 Week 6 Notes ENG 101
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lbiador on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 101 at Arizona State University taught by Bennett in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
Writing To Analyze Have a purpose for analyzing a subject Interests and expectations of intended readers Sources used to support analysis Context in which the document will be read Analysis involves adapting the role of the interpreter o Helps readers understand origins, qualities, significance, or potential impact of a subject o Knowledgeable about the subject and spend their time learning about said subject to ensure a well-grounded interpretation Readers share the writer’s interest and want to understand it in greater depth o Clear introduction to the subject o Focused interpretation o Explanation of how the writer arrived to conclusions o Reasonable support for the conclusions What Kinds of Documents Are Used to Present An Analysis Most analytical writing begins with an attempt to understand how writers have approached the challenges of analyzing a particular subject It can inspire ideas on how to focus an analysis, offer insights, provide an understanding of conclusions other writers have drawn Magazine Articles Analytical articles rely on information obtained by the author from books, webs, government reports, interviews, surveys, and observation Illustration is used to highlight key points in analysis, present information or data, or explain complicated concepts Most draw on quotations from interviews How Can I Write and Analytical Essay? Writing an analytical essay involves refining your question, gaining fuller understanding of your subject, applying an appropriate interpretive framework, and drafting your response to analytical question *** Developing and responding to a question about a subject Find A Conversation and Listen In Analytical essays allows you to share own interpretation of a subject with your readers Analysis will reflect analytical question and interpretive framework, and what other writers involved in the conversation about the subject written and analyses conducted Think about the reader’s needs, interests, knowledge, background, sources of evidence, and what context that might affect your analysis Then think about questions you could ask, find a conversation worth joining, and learn more about it Explore Your Surroundings Search for patterns Find stuff regarding your interests Ask Interpretive Questions Consider elements: which is most important/less significant? o Categories: what group does it belong to? How is it similar to other groups? How is it relatable? o History: Look into origins of the subject – will it continue to have influences in the future? How so? o Cause and effects: what caused it and why is it like that? o Relationships: How is it connected to other ideas, events, or objects o Meaning: what is the significance and implications? Search Databases Look for sources to support analysis Databases can give you an in-depth understanding of your subject and provide useful interpretive frameworks, existing interpretations, and unanswered questions o Has the subject related to a broad idea of interest, such as business, education or government? o Is the subject related to a particular profession or academic discipline? o Have I already identified any promising sources? o Is the full text of the source available? Conduct Your Analysis Carefully crafted analytical question, thorough understanding of the subject, rigorous and fair application of an appropriate interpretive framework, and clear understanding of the situation Ask yourself: o How might I respond to this question? Will my response be complex enough to justify writing an essay about it? Will it be too complex? o Is the question appropriate for the conversation I’m planning to join? o Will the question help me accomplish my purpose? o Will my response interest my readers or address their needs? A good analytical question is open to interpretation Seek a Fuller Understanding of Your Subject Use division and classification Division: allows you to identify elements that make up a subject Classification: allows you to explore a subject in relation to other subjects and consider similarities, differences, and relationships among its elements Using division o Pick a focus o Examine parts o Assess contributions to the whole Using classification o Choose classification scheme o Looks at similarities and differences o Justify your choice Apply an Interpretive Framework Interpretive Framework – set of strategies for identifying patterns that have been used successfully and refined overtime by writers interested in a given subject area or working in a particular field Analysis is subjective: interpretation will be shaped by how the question in asked, the consulted sources, personal experience and perspective Trend Analysis Trend – patterns that hold up over time o Focuses of sequences of events and relationships among them o Understanding of the past allows us to make sense of the present and draw inferences in the future o To conduct trend analysis Gather information Establish a trend that exists Draw conclusions Casual Analysis Focuses on the factors that bring about a particular situation Writers carry out casual analysis when they believe that understanding the underlying reasons for a situation that will help people address the situation, increase the likelihood of it happening again, or appreciate potential consequences Tracing sequence of events and exploring connections among them Guidelines o Uncover as many causes as possible o Determine which causes are significant o Distinguish between correlation and cause o Look beyond the obvious Data Analysis Data – any type of information such as facts and observations usually displayed numerically Analyze numerical information for differences among the subject’s parts and explore relationships among the parts Guidelines o Do that math o Categorize data o Explore relationships o Be thorough Text Analysis Text is open to interpretation Most focuses on theme, plot, setting, characterization, imagery, style, and structure; contexts – social, cultural, political, historical Discern meaning, critique an author’s technique, search for pattern to fully understand the text Guidelines o Focus on the text itself o Consider the text in its entirety o Avoid cherry-picking Rhetorical Analysis Shape the creation of “and” response to a particular document Rhetorical analysis focuses on o Writer and purpose o Readers and audience o Sources o Context Uses appeals: ethos, logos, pathos Guidelines o Remember the elements of a rhetorical situation o If you analyze the argument in a document, focus of its structure and quality o Don’t underestimate the complexity of analyzing rhetorical context Prepare a Draft Focus on making an interpretive claim, explaining your explanation, designing your essay, and framing your analysis Make an interpretive claim o Brief statement – form thesis statement that helps readers understand the overall results of your analysis o Should be open to debate Explain your interpretation o Convince readers to take on the subject insightfully and well-considered Provide relevant reasons for your interpretation o Present reasons for your readers to accept analysis o Overall results of analysis is form your main point and reasons to accept your analysis become your supporting points o Identify reasons that are most directly related to your interpretive claim Support your reasons with evidence o Language or images form a text that is being analyzed o Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries from published sources such as reports and journal articles o Illustrations in the form of images, charts, graphs, and tables o Statements from personal interviews o Notes from an observation o Numerical information Consider Genre and Design A well- written analytical essay uses design to improve readability, simplify the presentation of complex concepts and information, and enhance the writer’s ability to achieve his or her goals Visual evidence includes o Figures: charts, graphs o Images: photograph, video, painting o Captions: include text, descriptive label, and source information Frame Your Analysis Should be influenced by interpretive question, interpretive framework, and sources of evidence Introduction – introduce readers to the subject and explain its significance, provide enough information with the subject Conclusion: wrap analysis by contemplating the implications of interpretation by raising a related question for readers to think about Organization: can help frame analysis to put in order your reasons and evidence Review and Improve Your Draft Ensure that your claim is debatable o If the readers ask “so what” reconsider looking at your claim Challenge your conclusions o And look at additional evidence Examine the application of your interpretive framework o Ask whether you’ve ruled out the possibility that causal relationships are simply correlated o Consider alternative interpretations Reading to Write How can I read critically? o Reading critically = reading with attitude Means you are able to quickly recognize points of disagreements, uncertainty, concern, or curiosity Its possible that your point of view and attitude will change about a certain subject/topic Always ask questions, look for similarities and sources that you read and examine implications; beware of unusual information, be open to new ideas and arguments and think about the conversation you joined Be Aware of Writing Situations Each article/writing is intended for a particular group of readers Physical, social, disciplinary, and cultural settings the document was made of affected how the writer presented information, ideas, and arguments Remember what you’re trying to accomplish Make a contribution to shape your reader’s opinion about the particular subject Be prepare to challenge the writer’s idea and arguments What Strategies Can I Use To Read Actively? Definition of reading actively – interacting with sources and giving it more attention and meaning Things to consider doing o Skim the source o Write questions in margins o Jot down reactions o Identify key information, ideas, arguments o Note how to use information, ideas, and arguments o Connect all sources together o Identify important passages for later reading How to Skim Check the title Skim opening paragraphs Identify the type of document Read the first and last sentences Skim captions of photos and figures Look for publication information Look for pull quotes Check headings and subheadings Mark and Annotate Mark a source to identify key information, ideas, and arguments o Note disagreements and agreements o Identify supporting evidence o Remember alternative positions on the topic Recognize the Genre Will help you create context for understanding and questioning the information, ideas, and arguments presented in the source Consider Illustrations Illustrations – used to demonstrate or emphasize a point, clarify the presentation, or increase visual appeal Record New Information and Challenging Ideas Ensure you won’t miss an important detail to refer back to Identify Similarities and Differences Make note of agreements and disagreements between authors Notes can help you build your own argument or make the information easier to understand Understand the Writer’s Agreement Identify the main point o Expressed in thesis statement Find reasons and evidence that support the main point o Make readers agree to what you’re saying o Use ethos, logos, pathos o Evidence Form of statement from experts or people in positions of authority Personal experience Firsthand Observations Excerpts from an interview Statistical data ***Verify the source’s accuracy
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