PSY 353 In-class Notes Week 5
PSY 353 In-class Notes Week 5 PSY 353
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney McCourt on Saturday October 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 353 at Cleveland State University taught by Bruner,David C in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Health Pyschology in Pyscology at Cleveland State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/16
PSY 353 In-class Notes Week 5 Stressed in-class Alcohol Use and Wellness ● Alcohol: differences in alcohols is the based upon carbon chain (ethanol= only alcohol humans are able to drink) ○ Wine Benefits= antioxidants of grapes ● Alcohol Relation to Neuroscience ○ Pathway of Alcohol: 1.) Stomach 2.) Blood 3.) Brain lood/ brain barrier) 4.) neurons ● Neurotoxin: Alcohol destroys brain cells ○ Disorders in brain (ie: dementia) ○ Majority of neurons affected by alcohol are in left hemisphere ■ Activates “Pleasure Center” ● Correlation to addiction : pleasure center creates addictive behaviors(ie: electrode experiment with rats) ■ Frontal lobe= impulsive behavior (short term memory) ■ Broca's area = slurred speech (language affected) ○ Excessive alcohol use = tolerance to effects => need for more stimulation ● Liver: cleanses blood stream & stores vitamins; holds enzymes that break down alcohol (biochemical reaction) ○ Alcohol destroys liver cells ● Correlation with cancer (carcinogen) ● Genetic Differences: everyone is different in ability to consume and retain alcohol ○ Genetic anomalies: heavy drinkers vs. “light weights” ● Alcohol in Optimal Environment ○ Bluze Zone research moderate use in social atmosphere with food ■ Increase longevity ○ Drink with food in system ○ Drink slowly (European) ○ DO NOT drink to get Drunk Alcohol Disorders Alcohol Abuse: alcohol interferes with major life responsibilities (ie: work, family, etc.) ● Person understands that there is an issue however continues to drink Alcohol Dependence: affects everyday life and responsibilities; person builds tolerance to alcohol= need for larger quantities ● exhibit withdrawal symptoms (tremors in hands, headaches, hallucinations, sweating, nausea, vomiting, anxiety) Alcohol Related Dementia (Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome): decrease in cognitive functioning due to excessive drinking (memory decline, selfcare decline, emotional control, reasoning) ● Disease is irreversible Marijuana and Wellness ● Creates social consequences (ie: driving, public incidents) ● Effects: ○ Relaxing/ calming feeling ○ Pain relieving ● Neuroscience Research THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) ○ Effects: Short term memory (associated wi hronic use 10 joints a week for 3 years) ○ Activates “pleasure center” ○ Decreases cerebral blood flow (THC) ■ Blood flow in brain= cognitive ability decreases (disfunction) ○ Extensive periods of time users = depressed symptoms (ie: lethargic, not motivated, loss of interest) ● Alternatives to Relaxation / Pain relief ○ Bluezone: physical activity, purpose in life, loves ones support
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