POLS 1101, Week 6 Notes
POLS 1101, Week 6 Notes POLS 1101
Popular in American Government
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Bagyi on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Kennesaw State University taught by James Martinez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at Kennesaw State University.
Reviews for POLS 1101, Week 6 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/02/16
POLS 1101 Notes Week 6 The Federalist Papers • Federalists: o Federation o Urban Dwellers o Virginia Plan o Representative government o “Science” of politics o Supported ratification • Antifederalists o Confederation o Farming o Rural inhabitants o New Jersey Plan o Direct democracy o A bill of rights o Opposed ratification • Series of essays by three founding fathers o Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay o Used suitanims: Fake Names • Antifederalists would stop opposing the federalists only if Congress passed a bill of rights to protect the people • Civil Rights: What government can do for the people • Civil liberties: What the government cannot do to the people • Purpose o Written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay to argue for ratification of the US constitution o Used the pen name, “Publius” which stood for the public man § (Publius Valerius) o Explained “scientific” principles of a republican form of government • Comparing 10 and 51 o Federalist 10: § Factions outside government § Federalism § Vertical division § Fear of majorities § Cures: Pluralism, Overlapping government, Compromise o Federalist 51: § Factions inside government § Separation of powers § Horizontal division § Fears of elitism § Cures: Pluralism, Fragmented government, Auxiliary precautions POLS 1101 Notes Week 6 • Conclusion o Solving the perennial political problems § Power is divided into many hands § Democracy is “rehabilitated” by science o The results: Balancing liberty and equality § Liberty – yes; licentiousness (Liberty misused, infringing someone else’s liberty) – no § Channel passions into policymaking § “Auxiliary precautions” are in place Federalism: A Science of Politics • Definitions: o Sovereignty: Exercising political power § Confederation § Federal system § Unitary government o Federalism: Two or more governments exercise power over the same people and territory • Theories of Federalism o Nation-‐Centered Federalism § Necessary and proper clause § The commerce clause § The supremacy clause o State-‐Centered Federalism § 10 amendment • Necessary and Proper Clause (Elastic Clause): Article 1 Section 8 o McCulloch v. Maryland § Congress could create a national bank under its implied powers § National government supersedes state power when a conflict occurs § Daniel Webster argued for the bank; Luther Martin argued for Maryland (Wanted to tax the national bank) • Chief justice John Marshall ruled for McCulloch • “Power to tax is the power to destroy” • The (Interstate) Commerce Clause: Article 1 Section 8 o Gibbons v. Ogden § Steamboat case gave congress broad power to regulate interstate commerce o U.S. v. Lopez, Printz v. U.S., U.S. v. Harrison – Interstate commerce power is limited § Court puts breaks on Congress’s commerce clause case • The (National) Supremacy Clause: Article 6 Section 2 o Federal Preemption § Express – stated § Implied – Not stated POLS 1101 Notes Week 6 o Mandates (Requirements government puts on states) o Restraints (Must refrain from doing) • 10 Amendment o Powers that are not granted to the national government are reserved to the states and to the people o Theory of Nullification: § State’s rights theory championed by John C. Calhoun; states could vote to not abide by National government’s rules; rejected after civil war The History of Federalism • Dual Federalism o Clear differences between state and national powers, functions, and responsibilities o National government has enumerated powers o National government has limited constitutional purposes o Each unit – nation and state is sovereign o Characterized by tension, not cooperation, between nation and states • Cooperative Federalism o Power, functions, and responsibilities can be shared by both national and state government • “New” Federalism
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'