Criminal Justice Week 3 Notes
Criminal Justice Week 3 Notes Criminal Justice 101
Popular in Criminal Justice in America
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Wilhoit on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Criminal Justice 101 at University of South Carolina - Columbia taught by Therese Lee Clement in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Criminal Justice in America in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of South Carolina - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/02/16
Criminal Justice Lecture and Textbook Notes Week 3 ● Qualifications for law enforcement ○ Age ■ Usually 21, but some hire at 18 ○ Driver’s license ■ Putting you behind the wheel of their car, must be legal ■ Good driving record ● Only two reasons for having a bad driving records: lousy driver or you don’t care ● If you have either, they may not want you behind the wheel of their vehicles that cost a lot of money ○ Residency ■ Have to live in the jurisdiction you work in ■ Need you to be available in case of emergency ○ Education ■ Bachelor’s degree ■ Written exam ● Spelling, grammar ● Want to see if you are literate ● Attention to detail ■ Oral interview ● How well can you communicate orally ● As a cop it is imperative that you can communicate accurately on the spot ● Testifying in court ● Sometimes suspects are irate, cops need to deescalate a situation ● Dealing with public ○ Medical and physical exam ○ Morality and character check ■ Do you write bad checks? ■ Shoplifting? ○ Integrity ■ Look at divorce record ● Kept word in voes that you would be true if you cheat, you don’t have integrity ○ Credit check ■ Pay your bills? On time? ○ Psychological exams ■ Can you handle stress? ○ Polygraph ■ They don’t necessarily care about the answer, they just want to see if you are truthful ● Reasons to be Disqualified for a Job in Law Enforcement ○ Convicted of DUI ○ Arrest for violence ○ Drug conviction ● Minorities and women excluded from law enforcement ○ 1964 Civil Rights Act ○ 1972 had to amend it to say that women and minorities could be cops ○ 13% of law enforcement is female ● When you become officer ○ Driving training ■ Driving a squad car drives differently than regular vehicle ● Heavier, lots of equipment ● How to use technology while driving ■ How to conduct a high speed chase and when not to conduct high speed chase ○ Physical training ■ How to take down suspect ■ Physically fit ○ Report writing training ■ How to write good report ■ If you write a bad report, defense will be all over you ○ Testifying training ■ Direct examination ● When prosecutor asks you question ● Easy because prosecutor is on your side ■ Cross examination ● Won’t know what questions are ● Catch you by surprise, disprove your testimony ■ Goal: no matter what defense asks, you can loop it back to your original story ○ Teach Defense attorney tactics ○ Firearms training ■ Teach how to shoot ■ When to shoot ■ How to disarm suspect ● Different policing styles ○ Many times the policing style used reflects the community’s values ○ Policecommunity relations change all the time ○ Types of policies ■ Zerotolerance (legalistic) policing ● Strict enforcement of law for minor violations ● Cracking down on any small criminal infraction ■ Community policing ● Police assigned to neighborhood ● Work in same neighborhood ○ Get to know people ● More positive relations because you know the cop more personally ● Focuses more on crime prevention than crime fighting ○ Looks at what the problems are in this particular community and looks to make it better ● Lots of discretion allowed ○ Officer can choose whether or not to charge ● Focuses on quality of life of people in community ● Providing services to citizens ● Decentralized decisionmaking ■ Broken window policing ● Encourages repair of run down buildings ○ Empty buildings, with broken windows, doors, etc, will attract criminals and run down neighborhood ○ Law enforcement makes building owners take care of property to not encourage criminal behavior ● Proactive ● Some departments are more professional ○ Depends on applicants ■ Bad applicants will result in bad department ○ Need to be able to pay them to get decent people to apply ■ Needs to worth their while to take job ○ Police administration and leadership ■ Needs good leaders ■ Will demand that people who work for them will rise to their levels ○ Standard operating procedures ■ Steps taken during specific situations to handle them ■ Some law enforcement agencies have amazing standard operating procedure, others just wing it. ■ Most professional agencies have standard operating procedures that cover most situations ○ Is department accredited? ● Homeland security ○ Terrorism ■ Organized use of violence to promote political or social change ○ Some people are not criminal at heart, but are willing to break law for social change ○ Domestic terrorism ■ Acts of terrorism in the united states by groups that do not have ties to foreign organizations ● Ex: ○ Malcias, extremest groups ■ Oklahoma city bombing ○ Single issue groups ■ Antiabortion groups that get violent ○ Ecoterrorism groups ■ Animal liberation group: stop testing on animals ○ FBI responsible for domestic intelligence ○ International terrorism ■ CIA handles it ■ After 9/11 the counter terrorism task force was developed ● Local and federal agencies have to share intelligence ● Immigration: if we can keep immigrants out we are less likely to have terrorism; tighten borders ● Rendition and torture ○ When US needs information, they kidnap person, transfer them to some country without same civil rights laws, and they say they can do whatever they want to get information they need ● Habeas corpus: being held illegally
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