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Western Civilization 2

by: Adra Anderson

Western Civilization 2 HIEU 242

Adra Anderson
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

Week One Notes
Western Civilization 2
Dr. Glaze
Class Notes
thegreatchainofbeing, BlackDeath, BlackPlague, ptoltemaicsystem, europeanculture
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Adra Anderson on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIEU 242 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Glaze in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization 2 in History at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.

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Date Created: 10/02/16
Western Civilizations 2 Week One Notes European Culture at the Dawn of Modern Era Focus Questions: 1) What was the Great Chain of Being? How did it bring order to the universe? 2) What reinforced the Great Chain? What Challenged it?  Background Demographics o 1500: population of Europe at 30 million o 1500: Europe recovering from Black Death  Black Death 1346-1353 (Pandemic)  Approximately 70 -200 million died  Of that, 25 million where Europeans  England/Britain where hit the hardest  Some locations do not recover for another 500 years  95% of Europe’s population is rural  Paris 200,000 population  Most people live in towns/villages of 500 or less people o Almost everyone is Christian by 1500 o Ptolemaic System: Geocentric view of the universe. Earth in the center and the rest of revolves around it. Heliocentric/orderly* o Influences: Greek Philosophy, Christianity, and the fact that God Created Everything.  The Great chain of Being: the universal order created by God – Everything had a specific place in this ORDER HEIRARCHY o God – top o Closer to top closer to God spiritually and physically o Humanity is superior to beast but not to God o Humanity is subdived o No room for movement in your social standing or economic standing. o To attack the chain challenges God. E.g. To question the king is to question God. To question your husband is to question God. o KEEP ORDER IN THE CHAIN o Only 10% of Europeans are privileged/at the top of the chain.  Owns 50% of all land  Possesses 99% of power  Support for the Great Chain (Even for the impoverish) o Faith – Religion o Paternalism and Deference – Cultural Deference  Paternalism: Those at the top are obligated to care for those below them  Deference: The lower classes should respect and show obedience to those of the upper class. o Challenges of The Great Chain  Nobility: oldest and most distinguished families in Europe.  King had authority to induct new families though. King also had authority to strip noble titles. – Defies the Great chain  City (in contrast to rural) o Constantly changing – influx o Have their own social/economic chain – Defies Chain  Church o Church Power and State Power Parallel o King = Pope? o Complications as to who is at the top of the great chain


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