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Sociology of the Family- Week 6 Notes

by: Juliet Chin

Sociology of the Family- Week 6 Notes SOCI 1030

Marketplace > Tulane University > Sociology > SOCI 1030 > Sociology of the Family Week 6 Notes
Juliet Chin
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About this Document

This discusses Ch. 8 of the Reader
Sociology of the Family
Robert Kappel
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliet Chin on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1030 at Tulane University taught by Robert Kappel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Sociology of the Family in Sociology at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Class  Notes   Tuesday,  October  4,  201611:07  AM • A  man  will  earn  less  than  a  man  who  was  born  10  yrs.  later   • Wages  were  staying  the  same:  the  dollar  drops  with  value,  we  are  not   counting  the  inflation • Top  20%  of  households  have  an  increase  earning  while  the  other  80%   are  experiencing  decrease • Income  hierarchy:  not  a  pyramid  but  instead  a   Where  the  people  below  the  poverty  line  are  on  one  side   and  the  other  side  is  the  very  wealthy • Social  Stratification: ○ Nutrition   ○ Education ○ Drug/  alcohol/  risky  behavior   ○ Health   • Trend  of  poverty  families  is  to  be  a  single  parent  household • Trend  of  wealthy  families  is  to  have  the  male  be  the  breadwinner  and   the  woman  to  stay  at  home • Males  earn  more  for  the  same  or  similar  jobs • Poverty ○ Has  grown  since  the  1970s ○ 1/5  of  Americans  live  below  the  poverty  line ○ Poverty  line  is  calculated  by   § Cost  of  living § Income § And  #  of  people  in  family ○ The  calculation  doesn’t  count  the  different  economies  amongst   different  states  and  inflation • Feminization  of  Poverty ○ Under  the  poverty  line  there  is  an  increasing  rate  of  women  and   families  with  women  breadwinners;  due  to  gender  inequality   within  the  institutions   • Income  Fluctuations ○ While  income  goes  up  and  down,  your  class  position  stays  the   same   § This  is  because  your  external  appearance  remains  generally   the  same,  people  see  you  in  the  same  class,  if  you  are  not   within  the  institutions   • Income  Fluctuations ○ While  income  goes  up  and  down,  your  class  position  stays  the   same   § This  is  because  your  external  appearance  remains  generally   the  same,  people  see  you  in  the  same  class,  if  you  are  not   eating  out  or  cutting  coupons,  generally  only  you  and  your   family  knows  that • "for  every  person  who  is  crawling  out  of  poverty,  there's  someone   falling  into  it" • Chronic  vs.  Episodic  Poverty ○ Chronic:  long  term  poverty   ○ Episodic:  short  term;  due  to  deaths,  divorce,  births;  there  are   more  people  who  are  episodically  poor  than  chronically   • It  is  hard  to  see  class  difference  within  the  middle,  easy  to  see  when   comparing  rich  to  poor • Neighborhoods  are  divided  by  race  not  class • Generally  couples  are  identified  by  whatever  class  the  male  is   categorized  as   • Working  class  families: ○ Marry  at  a  younger  age § Bc.  They  are  not  going  to  college  (less  likely  to) § Better  to  get  married  younger  because  then  they  have  a   duel  income Usually  start  with  low  paying  jobs ○ ○ Working  class  jobs  are  generally  not  stable  (like  careers) ○ Women  have  another  cost  to  their  income: § Earlier  child  birth § Less  time  in  job  to  move  up  and  form  a  career   Younger  child  birth  adds  more  stress  because  the  parents  are  not   ○ as  prepared  to  have  a  finance  for  a  child ○ Higher  divorce  rates;  due  to  starting  families  earlier  and  stress ○ In-­‐laws  and  friends  are  vital  and  helpful  to  raising  families ○ Stress  levels  and  chance  of  divorce  lessen  by  a  lot  after  5  years   due  to  more  likely  to  gain  a  promotion  or  have  a  stable  income  at   this  time ○ Types  of  jobs  in  working  class  usually  have  the  people  taking   orders  rather  than  giving  (not  managerial  positions) ○ Men  +Women  in  the  household § There  is  very  little  communication  and  very  little  shared   chores § Men  identify  themselves  with  their  work  and  what  they  do   outside  of  the  house   § Women  identify  with  their  children,  house,  and  sometimes   ○ Men  +Women  in  the  household § There  is  very  little  communication  and  very  little  shared   chores § Men  identify  themselves  with  their  work  and  what  they  do   outside  of  the  house   § Women  identify  with  their  children,  house,  and  sometimes   work § Men  partake  in  more  outside  of  the  house  activities  (bars,   going  out  etc.) § Both  age  faster  psychologically;  a  30  yr.  old  holds  similar   experience  to  a  upper  middle  class  40/45  yr.  old  (working   class  started  earlier) ○ More  family  oriented • Upper  Middle  Class: ○ Managers;  order  giver  jobs ○ Men  and  women  both  strongly  identify  with  their  work ○ Work  longer  hours,  because  they  have  careers  not  jobs  and  jobs   don’t  like  to  pay  staff  overtime ○ Job-­‐work  stays  in  the  office;  careers -­‐ take  the  work  home  with   you ○ More  politically  involved -­‐more  educated   § More  of  a  voice  because  more  ability  to  donate  money  and   back  a  campaign ○ Children  more  encouraged  to  seek  education ○ More  involved  with  children's  education ○ Duel  career  families ○ More  egalitarian  families  inside  and  out  of  the  home ○ Higher  standard  of  living ○ More  professional  childcare ○ Hertz  (1986)  said  that  duel  career  households  should  be  called   two-­‐husband  households § SEXIST ○ Horizontal  segregation:  gender  inequality  allows  for  men  and   women  to  be  given  and  hired  for  different  jobs;  men  dominated   medicine,  law,  and  skilled  labor   Vertical  segregation:  unequal  pay  for  men  and  women  doing  the   ○ same  job • As  women  have  more  self -­‐fulfilling  careers,  gender  inequality   decreases  


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