New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CRM 102 Week 4 Notes

by: Tiffany Matyja

CRM 102 Week 4 Notes CRM 102

Tiffany Matyja
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Here are the note's from this week's lecture
Introduction to Criminal Justice
LaRose, Anthony P.
Class Notes
Criminal Justice
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Criminal Justice

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffany Matyja on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 102 at University of Tampa taught by LaRose, Anthony P. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Tampa.


Reviews for CRM 102 Week 4 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/02/16
Saturday, October 1, 2016 Week 4 Lecture CRM 102 - Criminal Defenses Excuse defenses (mitigating circumstances) • - ignorance or mistake: people are unaware that the behavior is a crime - insanity: the defendant’s state of mind negates their criminal responsibility - intoxication: only really works if involuntarily intoxicated - age: a child is not criminally responsibly for actions committed at an age that precludes full realization of the gravity of certain types of behavior • Insanity defenses - M’Naghten Rule: defines a person as insane if at the time they committed the act, they were suffering from such a disease of the mind that they could not know what they were doing was right or wrong - Durham Rule: “an accused is not criminally responsible if the unlawful act was the product of mental disease or defect” - Irresistible Impulse: couldn't stop yourself (Lorena Bobbitt) - Substantial Capacity Test: combines mental illness and irresistible impulse • Justification defenses - consent: a person is not guilty because the victim consented to the act in question - self-defense: a person defending himself may use only such force as is reasonably necessary to prevent personal harm; the danger to the defendant must be immediate - stand your ground: allows use of deadly force when a person reasonably believes it necessary to prevent the commission of a “forcible felony”, i.e. carjacking, robbery, and assault - entrapment: criminal activity was justifies because law enforcement agents used traps, decoys, and deception to induce criminal action 1 Saturday, October 1, 2016 - duress: defendants must show they have been forced into committing a crime in order to prevent death or serious harm to ones self or others - necessity: must show that considering the circumstances and conditions at the time the crime occurred, the defendant could not have behaved in any other way - Criminal law is constantly evolving due to new behaviors, new technologies, and new issues and threats to public safety • Creating new crimes - physician-assisted suicide: pioneered by Dr. Jack Kevorkian; helping people take their own lives - stalking: the willful, malicious, and repeated following and harassing of another person - community notification laws: sex offender registration and community notification (makes private and personal information on registered sex offenders available to the public) - controlling technology: laws against identity theft, drone laws - protecting the environment: EPA has prosecuted waste dumping cases, oil spills, illegal handling of hazardous substances, etc - legalizing marijuana - Constitutional Criminal Procedure • substantive criminal law defines crime elements • the law of procedure consists of rules and regulations that govern the pretrial process and the behavior of criminal justice practitioners • the Bill of Rights is the original source of criminal procedure law - the Bill of Rights spells out specific freedoms granted to citizens and limits the power of the government - over time, the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court have defined a body of legal rights for accused persons - 4th Amendment: search and seizure (the exclusionary rule) - 5th Amendment: due process; self-incrimination 2 Saturday, October 1, 2016 - 6th Amendment: right to public trial, jury, confrontation of witness - 8th Amendment: cruel and unusual punishment - 14th Amendment: the federal protections of the Bill of Rights applied to the states • Interpreting the Constitution - Judicial interpretation by the U.S. Supreme Court is not fixed, but reflects what society deems far and just at a particular time and place - the degree of loss suffered by the individual is balanced against the state’s interests to determine how many constitutional requirements are approved - The History of the Police • English roots - pledge system (closer to neighborhood watch) • tithing (10 families grouped together to police themselves) - grouped into groups of ten, then called a hundred • hue and cry: a call for assistance • constable (first cops): appointed by noblemen - shire reeve: controlled a shire (County); appointed by the cCrown for local land owner to supervise a territory and ensure that order was kept - watch system: patrolled at night and helped to protect the community against robberies, fires, and disturbances - justice of the peace: created to assist the shire reeve in controlling the county - private police and thief takers • corrupt, violent, there to protect property. were essentially gangs - Henry Fielding and the Bow Street Runners • Fielding created his own group of monied police; directed and deployed them throughout London and decided which cases to investigate and what streets to protect; a marked improvement over the earlier monied police because they had an administrative structure that improved record keeping and investigative procedures 3 Saturday, October 1, 2016 - Sir Robert Peel (1829): Metropolitan Police Act • first organized police force: more than 1000 men; paramilitary • now under the charge of the state • had “statutes” to follow - law enforcement in colonial America • sheriffs as the primary policing officers: did not patrol or seek out crime; instead would react to citizens’ complaints and investigated crimes that had occurred • slave patrols in the South: apprehended runaway slaves with violence • vigilantes in the West: groups of citizens who tracked down wanted criminals - “posse”: civilians who would chase down bank robbers - early “real” police agencies (walking the beat, swinging a baton) • arose from an increase in urban mob violence - Boston created the first formal US police department in 1838, New York in 1844, and Philadelphia in 1854 - early police agencies • political, corrupt, and incompetent • lack of training and standardization • primary function was order maintenance - Policing in the 20th Century • the emergence of professionalism - early attempts to reduce political influence and other corruption - development of professional organizations - training - education requirement - civil service exam • 1960s and beyond 4 Saturday, October 1, 2016 - continued influence of unions - problems in police—community relations (co-production of order: police and community working together) - Rodney King: police lost community ties when they traded technology for community interaction - led to era of reform • notable achievements in the 1990s - increase intellectual capacity - use of advanced management techniques - standards of police conduct improved - more diverse police departments (women, minorities) - more intellectually challenging police work (problem solving) - gradual police acceptance of citizen review - Policing Today • federal law enforcement agencies (FBI, DEA, IRS, etc) state law enforcement agencies • - comprehensive agencies in some states - limited to highway patrol in other states • county law enforcement agencies - English origin - duties vary: patrol, jails, etc - legend of Sheriff Joe Arpoyo • metropolitan law enforcement agencies - majority of police officers are employed by municipal agencies • 911, DARE, traffic, etc • technology and law enforcement 5 Saturday, October 1, 2016 - policing relies more and more frequently on modern technology to increase effectiveness - the use of these technologies enhance their ability to predict and detect crime and allocate resources 6


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.