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CRM 102 Week 5 Notes

by: Tiffany Matyja

CRM 102 Week 5 Notes CRM 102

Tiffany Matyja
GPA 4.0

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Here are the note's from this week's lecture
Introduction to Criminal Justice
LaRose, Anthony P.
Class Notes
Criminal Justice
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffany Matyja on Sunday October 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 102 at University of Tampa taught by LaRose, Anthony P. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Tampa.


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Date Created: 10/02/16
Sunday, October 2, 2016 Week 5 Lecture Notes CRM 102 - The Police: Their Role and Function • The Police Organization - police agencies are paramilitary and hierarchical with clear chains of command • most departments are 25 people or less - patrol is the “backbone” of policing • approximately 65% of resources go to cars, bikes, horses, ATVs, boats, etc - generally, few officers will pull their guns, and even fewer will fire - felony arrests are rare • there are 1 to 2 misdemeanor arrests per month; there is around 1 felony arrest per 2 to 3 months - The Patrol Function • functions of patrol: - deter crime - maintain public order - respond rapidly (around 4 min response) - identify and apprehend violators - provide care to people who need it - facilitate movement of traffic - create a feeling of security patrol activities • - order maintenance or peacekeeping - “handling the situation” - selective enforcement (ex: zero tolerance) 1 Sunday, October 2, 2016 • does patrol deter crime? possibly. cops can act as crime discouragers • improving patrol - proactive policing and directed patrol (patrol isn’t randomly assigned; broken windows idea) - making arrests - rapid response - broken windows policing (disorganized neighborhoods) - use of technology (triangulation of gun shots, equipment, newer vehicles) • can patrol be further improved? yes—proactive and directed patrol - The Investigation Function detectives: can be a promotion or just one of many job activities • • investigations can be by crime type or geographically - crime type: can be specialized departments (VICE) - geographically: specific patrol beats or commands • how do detectives detect? - focus on the causes of crime to identify suspects - use a 3-pronged approach: specific focus, general coverage, informative - rely on experience - as much of an art as it is a science • sting operations - undercover police operations - VICE squads - concern about entrapment • evaluating investigations - not particularly effective, but detectives perform a valuable service - majority of cases are solved at the scene by patrol officers 2 Sunday, October 2, 2016 • improving investigations with forensic science - use of scientific techniques to investigate crime and solve cases • only DNA is 100% scientific - increased popularity from CSI TV shows - is there a CSI effect in courts? no - Community-Oriented Policing (COP) works to reduce social distance • • implementing COP - foot patrol: one of the most common approaches • forms a bond with the community • increases feeling of safety and decreases fear - federal involvement through funding • changing the police role - neighborhood orientation - changing management style - changing recruitment and training - Problem-Oriented Policing (POP) • closely associated with COP • stresses proactive problem solving, rather than reactive crime fighting • encourages officers to spend more time during calls to identify the underlying problems - Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP) the British have a long history of gathering and using intelligence • - U.S. police forces have had little intelligence-gathering capacity • fusion centers: collect, analyze and share information - Support Functions 3 Sunday, October 2, 2016 • personnel • internal affairs • budget accounting and control • communications (dispatch) • crime analysis and labs • training specialized crime prevention units • 4


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